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Published by source: 31 December 2013
Data presented in this chapter focuses on the evolution of some indicators related to housing, poverty and access to certain goods and conveniences necessary for people's lives. This information is usually updated at the end of ECAM surveys (Cameroon Household Survey) and the last date of 2007. Regarding housing, the percentage of households that own has fallen from 63% in 2001 to 59% in 2007. This could be explained by the fact that the number of people and households would have increased much faster than the number of new personal dwellings. Moreover, the proportion of people living in housing built with solid materials has almost stabilized between 2001 and 2007. Regarding poverty, ECAM3 considered as poor anyone who lives in a poor household. A household is poor if an average adult equivalent of this household lives on less than FCFA 738 per day or 22 454 FCFA per month (valued at the price threshold of Yaounde). Thus in 2007, on an estimated population of nearly 17.9 million people, 7.1 million people live below the poverty line. That is to say that in 2007, just a worker earning the minimum wage of 28,440 CFA francs per month, who lives alone and receives no additional income in kind can barely meet their basic needs. Since it has to bear an additional person in the household, it switches into poverty. Other poverty indicators confirm the extent of this phenomenon. The depth of poverty that measures the gap between the average expenditure per adult equivalent consumption of poor households and the poverty line is 12.3%. This depth corresponds to an intensity of poverty by almost 31%, or a deficit of 83 000 FCFA on average poor person. Poverty is higher among households headed by males. According to the education level, the higher the household head is educated, less often his household poor. Thus, the poverty rate in households whose head has never been to school is 5.4 times higher than households where the head has secondary education 2nd cycle. Spatially, the phenomenon is prevalent in rural areas; and especially in rural areas of the three northern regions. Indeed, in 2007, over half of individuals are rural poor while only 12.2% are poor in cities of 50,000 or more.