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The Global Food Security Index 2013: An annual measure of the state of global food security, is the second edition of an Economist Intelligence Unit study, commissioned by DuPont. Global Food Security Index (GFSI) is a dynamic benchmarking model that uses quantitative and qualitative indicators to provide a standard against which countries can be measured and reveal individual country strengths and weaknesses. The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) created the Global Food Security Index in 2012 to deepen the dialogue on food insecurity and measure the risks in a consistent, rigorous framework. Sponsored by DuPont, the index assesses food security across three internationally designated dimensions: affordability, availability and utilisation - the last modiﬁed to assess food quality and safety. The index builds on existing food security research and frameworks, including the annual State of Food Insecurity in the World report of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the Global Hunger Index of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and the Maplecroft Food Security Risk Index, among others. GFSI complements these tools by analysing the inputs, or the drivers, of food security as a way of fostering dialogue about practical solutions and policy reform. Importantly, the index considers the nutritional quality and safety of food—elements missing from similar indices—alongside traditional supply and availability issues. Finally, the index features a unique monthly adjustment for changes in global food prices and other macroeconomic factors, allowing it to serve as an early warning of potential price shocks that might compromise a country’s food security, or worsen already poor conditions.
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