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  • President:Mohammad Ashraf Ghani
  • Chief Executive Officer:Dr. Abdullah Abdullah
  • Capital city:Kabul
  • Languages:Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
  • Government
  • National statistics office
  • Population, persons:37,172,386 (2018)
  • Area, sq km:652,860
  • GDP per capita, US$:521 (2018)
  • GDP, billion current US$:19.4 (2018)
  • GINI index:No data
  • Ease of Doing Business rank:167