In 2016, R&D expenditure for Bulgaria was 0.8 %. Though Bulgaria R&D expenditure fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1997 - 2016 period ending at 0.8 % in 2016.The description is composed by Yodatai, our digital data assistant. Have a question? Ask Yodatai ›
Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.