Total intramural R&D expenditure (GERD)

(Million euro)

Lombardy is the top region by R&D expenditure in Italy. As of 2016, R&D expenditure in Lombardy was 4,757.5 million euro that accounts for 40.48% of Italy's R&D expenditure. The top 5 regions (others are Piedmont, Campania, Liguria, and Sicily) account for 87.90% of it. Italy's total R&D expenditure was estimated at 11,752.5 million euro in 2016.

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