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Research and development expenditure as a share of GDP


In 2016, R&D expenditure in Bulgaria was 0.8 %. In the ranking by R&D expenditure including 59 countries, Bulgaria has the 10th rank that is close to the positions of such countries as Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Croatia. Compared to China which at the top of the ranking with R&D expenditure of 2.1 % in 2016, Bulgaria has 62.97 % percent lower R&D expenditure.

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What is R&D expenditure?

Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.