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Eurostat

Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across EU member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries.

All datasets:  C E F I N R
  • C
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 02 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      For the countries belonging to the euro area, these are factors for converting euro fixed series (NAC) into euro/ECU series, and vice-versa.
    • October 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 10 October, 2019
      Select Dataset
      For the countries belonging to the euro area, these are factors for converting euro fixed series (NAC) into euro/ECU series, and vice-versa.
    • February 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 19 February, 2019
      Select Dataset
      Correction coefficients (duty stations) are used to ensure equality of purchasing power of remuneration between different locations within the European Union and Brussels. Correction coefficients are calculated as the ratio between the "economic parity" and the exchange rate to the Euro (where applicable). They operate as a percentage adjustment to remuneration expressed in local currency.  As the correction coefficient is simply the economic parity divided by the exchange rate, it can be seen that the exchange rate effect cancels out and the economic parity is the appropriate conversion rate to convert amounts expressed in local currency into Euro and eliminate the effect of price level differences. The economic parity tells us how many currency units a given quantity of goods and services costs in different countries.  The method used to establish economic parities is to compare the price of a basket of goods and services purchased by the average international official in Brussels with the price of an equivalent basket of goods and services purchased by the average international official in each of the other duty stations. To compile these prices, Eurostat carry out a number of detailed price surveys in cooperation with national statistical institutes. For each item, the price ratio with Brussels is computed. Similar items are grouped into "basic headings", and a geometric mean of the price ratios is calculated to establish a basic heading parity. These basic heading parities are then aggregated to produce an overall parity. This aggregate is computed as a weighted arithmetic mean, using consumption expenditure pattern of international officials as weights.
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 05 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      Correction coefficients (Extra-EU) are used to ensure equality of purchasing power of remuneration between different locations outside the European Union and Brussels. Correction coefficients are calculated as the ratio between the "economic parity" and the exchange rate to the Euro (where applicable). They operate as a percentage adjustment to remuneration expressed in local currency. As the correction coefficient is simply the economic parity divided by the exchange rate, it can be seen that the exchange rate effect cancels out and the economic parity is the appropriate conversion rate to convert amounts expressed in local currency into Euro and eliminate the effect of price level differences. The economic parity tells us how many currency units a given quantity of goods and services costs in different countries. The method used to establish economic parities is to compare the price of a basket of goods and services purchased by the average international official in Brussels with the price of an equivalent basket of goods and services purchased by the average international official in each of the other duty stations. To compile these prices, Eurostat carry out a number of detailed price surveys in cooperation with the United Nations International Civil Service Commission and the International Section on Remuneration and Prices of the Coordinated Organisations. For each item, the price ratio with Brussels is computed. Similar items are grouped into "basic headings", and a geometric mean of the price ratios is calculated to establish a basic heading parity. These basic heading parities are then aggregated to produce an overall parity. This aggregate is computed as a weighted arithmetic mean, using consumption expenditure pattern of international officials as weights.
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 05 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      Correction coefficients (Extra-EU) are used to ensure equality of purchasing power of remuneration between different locations outside the European Union and Brussels. Correction coefficients are calculated as the ratio between the "economic parity" and the exchange rate to the Euro (where applicable). They operate as a percentage adjustment to remuneration expressed in local currency. As the correction coefficient is simply the economic parity divided by the exchange rate, it can be seen that the exchange rate effect cancels out and the economic parity is the appropriate conversion rate to convert amounts expressed in local currency into Euro and eliminate the effect of price level differences. The economic parity tells us how many currency units a given quantity of goods and services costs in different countries. The method used to establish economic parities is to compare the price of a basket of goods and services purchased by the average international official in Brussels with the price of an equivalent basket of goods and services purchased by the average international official in each of the other duty stations. To compile these prices, Eurostat carry out a number of detailed price surveys in cooperation with the United Nations International Civil Service Commission and the International Section on Remuneration and Prices of the Coordinated Organisations. For each item, the price ratio with Brussels is computed. Similar items are grouped into "basic headings", and a geometric mean of the price ratios is calculated to establish a basic heading parity. These basic heading parities are then aggregated to produce an overall parity. This aggregate is computed as a weighted arithmetic mean, using consumption expenditure pattern of international officials as weights.
  • E
    • July 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 18 July, 2019
      Select Dataset
      Exchange rates are the price or value of one country's currency in relation to another. Here the exchange rates are those for the euro published by the European Central Bank. Before 1999 the exchange rates are those of the ECU, as published by the European Commission.
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 06 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The present data collection consists of the following indicators:Interest rates : Day-to-day money market interest rates, 3-month interest rates, Euro yields and Long term government bond yields - Maastricht definitionEuro/Ecu exchange rates: Exchange rates against the ECU/euroEffective exchange rates indices : Nominal Effective Exchange Rate, Real Effective Exchange Rate Â
    • January 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 19 February, 2019
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      The presented data comprise exchange rates against the euro: Average, cumulative series and end of the period rates of the euro against a range of currencies.
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 15 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The presented data comprise exchange rates against the euro: Average, cumulative series and end of the period rates of the euro against a range of currencies.
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 15 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The present data collection consists of the following indicators:Interest rates : Day-to-day money market interest rates, 3-month interest rates, Euro yields and Long term government bond yields - Maastricht definitionEuro/Ecu exchange rates: Exchange rates against the ECU/euroEffective exchange rates indices : Nominal Effective Exchange Rate, Real Effective Exchange Rate Â
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 15 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The presented data comprise exchange rates against the euro: Average, cumulative series and end of the period rates of the euro against a range of currencies.
    • October 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 11 October, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The presented data comprise exchange rates against the euro: Average, cumulative series and end of the period rates of the euro against a range of currencies.
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 15 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The Euro-national currency exchange rate represents the equivalent of one euro expressed in national currency. For example, the euro-dollar exchange rate is the equivalent of one euro expressed in United States dollars. Monthly data are the average of the observed business day rates. Data are presented in raw form. Source: European Central Bank (ECB)
  • F
  • I
  • N
    • October 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 13 October, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) aims to assess a country's price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends. A rise in the index means a loss of competitiveness. The nominal effective series measure changes in the value of a currency of a country against a trade-weighted basket of currencies and a rise in the index means a strengthening of the currency. The REER is entirely based on official statistics (exchange rates, trade data, deflators), however the selection of the specific statistical series used in its calculation (in particular the choice of deflator) and some of the modalities of their calculation (namely the choice of a country basket) depend on the analytic purpose of the indicators. The specific REER for the MIP is deflated by the consumer price indices relative to a panel of 42 countries. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the Real Effective Exchange Rate (42 trading partners, based on HICP/CPI) - 3 year % change. In addition to the headline indicator the following indicators are published: Real effective exchange rate for the euro area (based on HICP/CPI)Nominal effective exchange (NEER) rate (42 trading partners)Nominal effective exchange rate for the euro area Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN) is the data source.
    • October 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 13 October, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) aims to assess a country's price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends. A rise in the index means a loss of competitiveness. The nominal effective series measure changes in the value of a currency of a country against a trade-weighted basket of currencies and a rise in the index means a strengthening of the currency. The REER is entirely based on official statistics (exchange rates, trade data, deflators), however the selection of the specific statistical series used in its calculation (in particular the choice of deflator) and some of the modalities of their calculation (namely the choice of a country basket) depend on the analytic purpose of the indicators. The specific REER for the MIP is deflated by the consumer price indices relative to a panel of 42 countries. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the Real Effective Exchange Rate (42 trading partners, based on HICP/CPI) - 3 year % change. In addition to the headline indicator the following indicators are published: Real effective exchange rate for the euro area (based on HICP/CPI)Nominal effective exchange (NEER) rate (42 trading partners)Nominal effective exchange rate for the euro area Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN) is the data source.
  • R
    • March 2018
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 29 March, 2018
      Select Dataset
      The REER (or Relative price and cost indicators) aim to assess a country's (or currency area's) price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends. The specific REER for the Sustainable Development Indicators is deflated by nominal unit labour costs (total economy) against a panel of 37 countries (= EU28 + 9 other industrial countries: Australia, Canada, United States, Japan, Norway, New Zealand, Mexico, Switzerland, and Turkey). Double export weights are used to calculate REERs, reflecting not only competition in the home markets of the various competitors, but also competition in export markets elsewhere. A rise in the index means a loss of competitiveness.
    • November 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 06 November, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The REER (or Relative price and cost indicators) aim to assess a country's (or currency area's) price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends. The indicator is deflated by the price index (total economy) against a panel of 42 countries (= EU28 + 14 other industrial countries: Australia, Canada, United States, Japan, Norway, New Zealand, Mexico, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, China, Brazil, South Korea and Hong Kong). Double export weights are used to calculate REERs, reflecting not only competition in the home markets of the various competitors, but also competition in export markets elsewhere. A rise in the index means a loss of competitiveness. Data source: Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN). Data are non-seasonal adjusted.
    • October 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 12 October, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) aims to assess a country's price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends. A rise in the index means a loss of competitiveness. The nominal effective series measure changes in the value of a currency of a country against a trade-weighted basket of currencies and a rise in the index means a strengthening of the currency. The REER is entirely based on official statistics (exchange rates, trade data, deflators), however the selection of the specific statistical series used in its calculation (in particular the choice of deflator) and some of the modalities of their calculation (namely the choice of a country basket) depend on the analytic purpose of the indicators. The specific REER for the MIP is deflated by the consumer price indices relative to a panel of 42 countries. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the Real Effective Exchange Rate (42 trading partners, based on HICP/CPI) - 3 years % change. In addition to the headline indicator are published:Real effective exchange rate for euro area (based on HICP/CPI)Nominal effective exchange rate (42 trading partners)Nominal effective exchange rate for euro area Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN) is the data source.
    • October 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 13 October, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) aims to assess a country's price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends. A rise in the index means a loss of competitiveness. The nominal effective series measure changes in the value of a currency of a country against a trade-weighted basket of currencies and a rise in the index means a strengthening of the currency. The REER is entirely based on official statistics (exchange rates, trade data, deflators), however the selection of the specific statistical series used in its calculation (in particular the choice of deflator) and some of the modalities of their calculation (namely the choice of a country basket) depend on the analytic purpose of the indicators. The specific REER for the MIP is deflated by the consumer price indices relative to a panel of 42 countries. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the Real Effective Exchange Rate (42 trading partners, based on HICP/CPI) - 3 years % change. In addition to the headline indicator are published: Real effective exchange rate for euro area (based on HICP/CPI)Nominal effective exchange rate (42 trading partners)Nominal effective exchange rate for euro area Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN) is the data source.
    • October 2019
      Source: Eurostat
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 13 October, 2019
      Select Dataset
      The Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) aims to assess a country's price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends. A rise in the index means a loss of competitiveness. The nominal effective series measure changes in the value of a currency of a country against a trade-weighted basket of currencies and a rise in the index means a strengthening of the currency. The REER is entirely based on official statistics (exchange rates, trade data, deflators), however the selection of the specific statistical series used in its calculation (in particular the choice of deflator) and some of the modalities of their calculation (namely the choice of a country basket) depend on the analytic purpose of the indicators. The specific REER for the MIP is deflated by the consumer price indices relative to a panel of 42 countries. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the Real Effective Exchange Rate (42 trading partners, based on HICP/CPI) - 3 year % change. In addition to the headline indicator the following indicators are published: Real effective exchange rate for the euro area (based on HICP/CPI)Nominal effective exchange (NEER) rate (42 trading partners)Nominal effective exchange rate for the euro area Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN) is the data source.

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