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Republic of Moldova is the top country by localized irrigation in the world. As of 2014, localized irrigation in Republic of Moldova was 15 thousand ha that accounts for 56.96 % of the world's localized irrigation. The top 3 countries (others are Zimbabwe, and Antigua and Barbuda) account for 100.00 % of it. The world's total localized irrigation was estimated at 26.33 thousand ha in 2014.The description is composed by our digital data assistant.
Localized irrigation is a system where the water is distributed under low pressure through a piped network, in a pre-determined pattern, and applied water as a small discharge to each plant or adjacent to it. There are three main categories: drip irrigation (where drip emitters are used to apply water slowly to the soil surface), spray or micro-sprinkler irrigation (where water is sprayed to the soil near individual plants or trees) and bubbler irrigation (where a small stream is applied to flood small basins or the soil adjacent to individual trees). The following other terms are also sometimes used to refer to localized irrigation: micro-irrigation, trickle irrigation, daily flow irrigation, drop-irrigation, sip irrigation, diurnal irrigation.