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Romania

Mode of Transport
Air Transportation 55,637 Number in 2018 WB
Inland Transportation Passenger kilometres 1 timeseries
Mode of Transport Inland Transportation Road
Buses and Coaches Passenger kilometres 14,061 Passenger-kilometres, Millions in 2014 OECD
Economic Activity Services Educational services, health care, and social assistance Education
Expenditures 94.32 % in 2015 WB
Economic Activity Services ICT
High Technology Exports Goods 10.08 % in 2018 WB
Economic Activity Retail Trade
Retail Sales 150.21 Index on Jul 2019 WB
National Accounts
GDP 239.85 U.S. dollars, Billions in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Gross Domestic Income 523.38B constant LCU in 2018 WB
Gross National Income 285.07B Domestic Currency in 4th quarter 2018 IMF + 2 others
Gross Savings 185.71B current LCU in 2018 WB
Gross Value Added 393.71B constant LCU in 2018 WB
Net Current Transfers from Abroad 105.56B Domestic Currency in 4th quarter 2018 IMF + 1 other
Net Income from Abroad -23.08B current LCU in 2018 WB
Net National Income 248.91B Domestic Currency in 4th quarter 2018 IMF + 1 other
Net Taxes on Production 22.54B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 1 other
National Accounts Gross Savings
Adjusted Savings 3.55 % in 2017 WB
Gross Domestic Savings 197.82B current LCU in 2018 WB + 1 other
National Accounts Gross Savings Adjusted Savings
Education Expenditure Adjusted Savings 2.81 % in 2017 WB
National Accounts GDP
Discrepancy in Expenditure Estimate of GDP 0 current LCU in 2018 WB
External Balance on Goods and Services -102.5B constant LCU in 2018 WB
Gross National Expenditure 103.21 % in 2018 WB
National Accounts GDP Gross National Expenditure
Final Consumption Expenditure 746.4B current LCU in 2018 WB + 1 other
Gross Capital Formation 55.45B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 1 other
National Accounts GDP Gross National Expenditure Gross Capital Formation
Changes in Inventories -1.17B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 1 other
Gross Fixed Capital Formation 21.22 % in 2018 WB
National Accounts GDP Gross National Expenditure Final Consumption Expenditure
General Government Final Consumption Expenditure 156.82B current LCU in 2018 WB
Household Final Consumption Expenditure 153.94B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 1 other
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance Trade
Exports 103.32B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 2 others
Goods 17 timeseries
Imports 112.29B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 2 others
Net Trade -8.97B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 1 other
Services 12 timeseries
Terms of Trade 77.69B constant LCU in 2018 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance Trade Exports
Exports as a capacity to import 321.68B constant LCU in 2018 WB
Fertility Indicators
Adolescent Fertility Rate 1 timeseries
Births 544.47 thousands in 2100 UNDESA
Crude Birth Rate 9.04 per 1,000 population in 2099 UNDESA + 1 other
Fertility Rate 1.64 births per woman in 2017 WB
Mean Age of Childbearing 31.15 years in 2100 UNDESA
Reproduction 0.85 surviving daughters per woman in 2100 UNDESA
Wanted Fertility Rate 2.2 births per woman in 1999 WB
Demographics
Age Population 1 timeseries
Migration -40 thousands in 2100 UNDESA
Population 19,580.63 thousands in 2018 UNCTAD + 3 others
Demographics Age
Adolescent 8 timeseries
Adult 28 timeseries
Children 13 timeseries
Dependency Ratio 51.22 % in 2018 WB
Infant 1.65 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2100 UNDESA
Old 12 timeseries
Youth 28 timeseries
Demographics Age Dependency Ratio (% in 2018)
Old-Age Dependency Ratio 27.73 WB
Child Dependency Ratio 23.49 WB
Demographics Population
Density Population 2 timeseries
Natural Change -4.77 per 1000 population in 2100 UNDESA
Education Level Basic Education
Lower Secondary Education 11 timeseries
Primary Education 31.86 % in 2017 WB
Education Level Intermediate Education
Secondary Education 69.52 % in 2017 WB
Land Use Land Use Type
Agricultural Area 2 timeseries
Arable 0.44 hectares/person in 2016 WB
Country Area 1 timeseries
Cropland Area 1 timeseries
Forest Area 1 timeseries
Land Area 2 timeseries
Marine Area Protected 1 timeseries
Health Deaths (% in 2016)
Non-communicable Diseases 92.2 WB
Communicable Diseases 4.2 WB
Health Communicable Diseases
AIDS Deaths 1 timeseries
Diphteria Children Immunization 1 timeseries
Hepatitis B Age 1 Immunization 1 timeseries
HIV 18,000 numbers in 2018 WB
Measles Children Immunization 1 timeseries
Tuberculosis 3 timeseries
Health Non-communicable Diseases
Diabetes Prevalence 9.74 % in 2017 WB
Commodities Natural resources Metals Production
Alumina 472,606 tonnes (Al2O3 content) in 2017 BGS
Aluminium 282,074 tonnes (metric) in 2017 BGS
Antimony 300 tonnes (metal content) in 1991 BGS
Bismuth 40 tonnes (metal content) in 2007 BGS
Cadmium 5 tonnes (metric) in 1995 BGS
Copper 3 timeseries
Zinc 800 tonnes (metal content) in 2017 BGS
Commodities Natural resources Metals Extraction Type Copper Production (tonnes (metric))
Refining 4,600 in 2009 BGS
Smelting 61 in 2004 BGS
Commodities Natural resources Minerals Production (tonnes (metric))
Feldspar 4,500 in 2017 BGS
Barytes 100 in 2002 BGS
Commodities Natural resources Rocks Production (tonnes (metric))
Bauxite 161,865 in 1998 BGS
Diatomite 2,057 in 2007 BGS
Commodities Natural resources Fossil Fuels Solid Fuels
Coal Electricity Generation 27.64 % in 2015 WB
Commodities Natural resources Fossil Fuels Oil
Crude Oil and Lease Condensate Production 2 timeseries
Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production 2 timeseries
Other Liquids Production 2 timeseries
Petroleum Products 36 timeseries
Primary Products 30 timeseries
Refinery Capacity 255.93 1,000 Barrels per calendar day in 2018 OPEC
Refinery Processing Gain Production 2 timeseries
Rigs 10 Number in 2018 OPEC
Commodities Natural resources Fossil Fuels Oil Other Liquids Production (Thousand Barrels Per Day on Jun 2019)
Petroleum and Other Liquids 88.01 EIA
Crude Oil, NGPL and Other Liquids 75.59 EIA
Commodities Natural resources Fossil Fuels Gas
Marketed Natural Gas Production 9,929.38 Million Standard Cubic Metres in 2018 OPEC
Commodities Natural resources Reserves
Proved Gas Reserves 92 Billion Standard Cubic Metres in 2018 OPEC
Agriculture
Water Resources 212 10^9 m3/year in 2017 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Bee products
Honey Production 24,611 tonnes in 2017 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Dairy Products
Butter Production 1 timeseries
Butter and Ghee Production 1 timeseries
Cheese Production 3 timeseries
Cream Fresh Production 1 timeseries
Milk 8,825,100 Head in 2017 FAO
Skim Milk and Buttermilk Dried Production 1 timeseries
Agriculture Agricultural Products Textile Fibres Silk Production (tonnes)
Silk raw 2,100 in 2014 FAO
Silk-worm cocoons 1,151 in 2017 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Fat Production (tonnes in 2014)
Lard 60,906 FAO
Tallow 3,456 FAO
Agriculture Water Resources
External 0.08 10^9 m3/year in 2017 FAO
Ground Water 8.46 10^9 m3/year in 2017 FAO
Internal 8.38 10^9 m3/year in 2017 FAO
Precipitation 637 mm/year in 2017 FAO
Pressure on Water Resources 3.01 % in 2016 FAO + 1 other
Surface Water Resources 211.5 10^9 m3/year in 2017 FAO
Agriculture Water Resources Precipitation
National Rainfall Index 647.4 mm/year in 2001 FAO
Agriculture Water Resources Pressure on Water Resources
Water Withdrawal 1.24 10^9 m3/year in 2016 FAO
Agriculture Indicators (1000 ha)
Area Equipped for Full Control Irrigation 152.9 in 2016 FAO
Area Equipped for Irrigation 230.4 in 2013 FAO
Laying Eggs 2 timeseries
Production 57 timeseries
Slaughtered 15 timeseries
Stocks 16 timeseries
Water Management 230.4 in 2013 FAO
Yield 25 timeseries
National Defense
National Defense Military 2 timeseries
Armed forces 1.39 % in 2017 WB
Military 5 timeseries
Tourism Indicators
Arrivals International Tourism 1 timeseries
Contribution Tourism 6 timeseries
Departures International Tourism 1 timeseries
Expenditure 31.13 LCU in billions in 2018 WTTC
Investment 16.67 LCU in billions in 2018 WTTC
Receipts International Tourism 4 timeseries
Health Indicators Mortality Rate Conditions Deaths
Maternity 0.03 % in 2017 WB
Neonatal 644 numbers in 2018 WB
Health Indicators Mortality Rate Conditions Maternity (%)
Assisted by medical professionals Births 1 timeseries
Prenatal care 76.3 in 2016 WB
Access to Financial Sector
ATM 64.49 per 100,000 adults in 2018 WB
Borrowers with Commercial Banks 224.53 per 1,000 adults in 2018 WB
Commercial Bank Branches 25.49 per 100,000 adults in 2018 WB
Labor
Average Working Hours 10.1 Hours Per Week in 2000 WB
Employment 59.84 Index in 1st quarter 2019 IMF
Employment Rate 52.14 % in 2018 WB
Labor Cost 152.2 in 2nd quarter 2019 Eurostat
Labor Force 8,603,000 Number in 1st quarter 2018 IMF + 1 other
Labor Force Participation Rate 15 timeseries
Unemployment 4.17 Percent of total labor force in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Wage 183.1 in 2nd quarter 2019 Eurostat + 1 other
Water
Dam Capacity 11.06 km3 in 2015 FAO
Drinking water Usage 4 timeseries
Sanitation 4 timeseries
Usage 7 timeseries
Species Threatened (Number in 2018)
Fish 22 WB
Bird 17 WB
Mammal 9 WB
Plant 7 WB
Government Finance
Budget Deficit -35.36 National currency, billions in 2018 IMF + 1 other
Consumption of fixed capital General Government 1 timeseries
Debt General Government 4 timeseries
Government Expenditure 304.64 National currency, billions in 2018 IMF + 1 other
Government Revenue 277.31 National currency, billions in 2018 IMF + 1 other
Operating Balance General Government 2 timeseries
Structural Balance -3.84 Percent of potential GDP in 2018 IMF
Government Finance Government Expenditure
Compensation of Employees 103.08B Domestic Currency in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 1 other
Goods and Services Expense 9.44 % in 2017 WB
Interest Payments 4.22 % in 2017 WB
Other Expenses 3.88 % in 2017 WB
Subsidies and Other Transfers 35.46 % in 2017 WB
Government Finance Government Expenditure Subsidies and Other Transfers
Subsidies General Government 987,000,000 Domestic Currency in 1st quarter 2019 IMF
Government Finance Government Revenue (%)
Social Contributions 32.64 in 2017 WB
Tax Revenue 15.46 in 2017 WB
Grants and Other Revenue 14.17 in 2016 WB
Customs 0.04 in 2017 WB
Government Finance Government Revenue Tax Revenue (% in 2017)
Tax on Goods and Services 33.91 WB
Tax on Income, Profits and Capital Gains 19.93 WB
Other Taxes 0.04 WB
Taxes on International Trade 0.02 WB
Capital Markets
Stock Market 184.53 Index, Jan 2010=100 on Sep 2019 WB + 1 other
Capital Markets Stock Market
Capitalization Listed Companies 2 timeseries
Listed Companies 85 Number in 2018 WB
Vehicle Type Registration (Number in 1st quarter 2019)
Car 35,837 OECD
Truck 10,963 OECD
Air Pollution Greenhouse Gases CO2 CO2 Emissions (% in 2014)
Solid 32.09 WB
Liquid 31.65 WB
Mortality Indicators
Children Deaths Children 1 timeseries
Children Mortality Rate 1.98 deaths under age five per 1,000 live births in 2100 UNDESA + 1 other
Crude Death Rate 13.87 deaths per 1,000 population in 2099 UNDESA
Fatalities Road 1 timeseries
Infant Mortality Rate 1.63 per 1,000 live births in 2099 UNDESA + 1 other
Life Expectancy 86.3 years in 2100 UNDESA + 1 other
Mortality Rate 2 timeseries
Neonatal Deaths 644 Number in 2018 WB
Neonatal Mortality Rate 3.4 per 1,000 live births in 2018 WB
Survival 68 timeseries
Under-5 Deaths 1,390 Number in 2018 WB
World Rankings
Civil Liabilities 2 Score, 1=Most Free, 7=Least Free in 2018 FH
Freedom 81 Score, 0=Least Free, 100=Most Free in 2018 FH
Political Rights 2 Score, 1=Most Free, 7=Least Free in 2018 FH
Press Freedom Index 23.65 Score, 0=Complete Freedom, 100=No Freedom at all in 2018 RSF
Education Type
Compulsory Education Duration 10 years in 2018 WB
Goods and Services Indicators
Consumer Price Index 108.3 Index on Sep 2019 IMF + 3 others
Inflation 0.31 Percent on Sep 2019 IMF
Energy Indicators
Consumption Electricity Per Capita 1 timeseries
Energy Intensity 3.52 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP in 2015 WB
Generation 9 timeseries
Balance of Payments
Current Account Balance -11.13 U.S. dollars, Billions in 2018 IMF + 1 other
Net Errors and Omissions 1.09B current US$ in 2018 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance (current US$)
Net Secondary Income 2.79B in 2018 WB
Grants 735,950,000 in 2004 WB
Primary Income -5.93B in 2018 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance Net Secondary Income (current US$ in 2018)
Secondary income receipts 5.12B WB
Personal Transfers 3.51B WB
Secondary income payments 560,997,683.87 WB
Personal Remittances 435,186,368.94 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance Primary Income
Primary income on FDI 7.49B current US$ in 2018 WB
Primary income payments 10.04B current US$ in 2018 WB
Primary income receipts 146.45B Domestic Currency in 4th quarter 2018 IMF + 1 other
Health Indicators
Deaths 831.48 thousands in 2100 UNDESA
Disease Prevention 67 % in 2018 WB
Incidence 3 timeseries
Mortality Rate 13.3 per 1,000 people in 2017 WB
Prevalence 26.8 % in 2016 WB
Financial Markets
Exchange Rate 0.23 US dollars in 3rd quarter 2019 IMF
Interest Rate 0.88 % in 2018 WB
Monetary Aggregates 16.78 % in 2018 WB
Financial Markets Interest Rate (Percent per Annum in 2nd quarter 2019)
Lending Rate 7.28 IMF
Money Market 2.77 IMF
Discount 2.5 IMF
Financial Markets Exchange Rate
Effective Exchange Rate 94.95 Index on Sep 2019 WB + 1 other
Official Exchange Rate 4.31 LCU per USD on Sep 2019 WB + 1 other
Residence (numbers in 2018)
Domestic Expenditure Health Care 8 timeseries
Foreign Expenditure Health Care 3 timeseries
Rural 8,958,400 WB
Urban 10,515,536 WB
Energy Renewable electricity Generation
Hydroelectricity 25.23 % in 2015 WB
Non-Hydro Renewable Electricity 9.57B kWh in 2015 WB
Energy Electricity
Electrification Rate 100 % in 2017 WB
Gender
Female 152 timeseries
Feminity Ratio 100 females per 100 males in 2100 UNDESA
Male 141 timeseries
Sex Ratio 100 males per 100 females in 2100 UNDESA
Sex Ratio at Birth 1.06 male births per female births in 2100 UNDESA
Capital and Financial Account (current US$ in 2018)
Net Capital Account 2.84B WB
Net Financial Account -6.82B WB
Capital and Financial Account Net Financial Account (current US$ in 2018)
Portfolio Investment -3.61B WB
Foreign Direct Investment -5.89B WB
Capital and Financial Account Net Financial Account Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Direct Investment (% in 2018)
Inward 2.87 WB
Outward 0.42 WB
Economy
Foreign-exchange reserves 9,280.16 current US$, millions on Sep 2019 WB + 2 others
Economy Foreign-exchange reserves
Gold Holdings 4.96B US dollars in 3rd quarter 2019 IMF
Inflation and Prices
GDP Deflator 139.08 Index in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF + 1 other
Inflation 4.63 Percent change in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Producer Price Index 127.2 on Jul 2019 UNECE
Institutions
General Government 28.57B Domestic Currency in 1st quarter 2019 IMF
Private 4 timeseries
Income Inequality
GINI Index 35.9 Index in 2015 WB
Income Share 24.7 % in 2015 WB
Health Facilities
Hospital beds Per Capita 6.3 per 1,000 people in 2013 WB
Telecommunication Internet
Individuals using Internet 1 timeseries
Secure Internet Servers 310,378 Number in 2018 WB
Intensity
Intensity CO2 2.21 kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use in 2014 WB
Balance Sheet Liabilities Equity
Investment 23.6 Percent of GDP in 2018 IMF
Nutrition
Malnutrition Prevalence 2.5 % in 2017 WB
Maternal Mortality
Maternal mortality ratio 19 per 100,000 live births in 2017 WB
Official Development Assistance
Net Official Aid 1.11B constant 2014 US$ in 2004 WB
Net Official Development Assistance and Official Aid 1.11B constant 2013 US$ in 2004 WB
Health Personnel (per 1,000 people in 2016)
Nursing and midwifery personnel 6.1 WB
Physicians 2.26 WB
Research and Development
Patent Applications 80 Number in 2017 WB
R&D Expenditure 0.5 % in 2017 WB
R&D personnel 890.17 per million people in 2017 WB
Scientific and Technical Journal Articles 10,193.5 Number in 2016 WB
Trademark Applications 1,992 Number in 2017 WB
Short-Term Economic Indicators
Production Industry 9.06B constant 2010 US$ on Jul 2019 WB
Infrastructure
Rail lines 10,766 km in 2017 WB
Europe
Albania 11,861.93 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Andorra 2.74B current LCU in 2018 WB + 2 others
Austria 46,344.83 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Belarus 17,780.64 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Belgium 42,884.55 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11,992.07 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Bulgaria 20,582.99 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Croatia 23,308.16 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Czech Republic 33,218.96 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
Denmark 46,329.81 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
Estonia 30,307.63 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Finland 41,271.09 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
France 40,689.41 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Germany 46,719.29 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Greece 25,887.32 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
Hungary 28,358.2 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 7 others
Iceland 49,704.76 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
Ireland 70,031.63 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Italy 35,233.22 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Latvia 26,579.18 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Liechtenstein 0.02 % in 2017 UNSD
Lithuania 30,956.56 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Luxembourg 94,849.74 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Malta 40,538.95 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Monaco -0.5 % in 2017 UNSD + 1 other
Montenegro 16,927.56 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Netherlands 50,118.92 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
North Macedonia 13,964.12 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 1 other
Norway 66,094.92 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Poland 28,390.2 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Portugal 28,450.43 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Republic of Moldova 6,492.95 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Romania 23,508.44 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Russian Federation 26,015.23 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
San Marino 53,611.99 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Serbia 15,604.73 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Slovakia 31,226.78 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Slovenia 32,663.33 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
Spain 35,679.3 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
Sweden 47,097.44 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 6 others
Switzerland 57,466.39 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
Ukraine 8,252.02 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 3 others
United Kingdom 40,626.72 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 5 others
Tourism Indicators
Education Indicators
Commodities Indicators
Health Indicators
Environment
Foreign Trade
Risk factors
Transportation Industry Indicators
Mode of Transport
Educational Process Members
Economic Activity
Demographics
Education Level
Land Use
Goods
Commodities
Agriculture
Water
Services
Tourism
Expenditure
Measure
Biodiversity

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