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Tonga

Mode of Transport
Air Transportation 5,255 Number in 2004 WB
Health Non-communicable Diseases Cancer
Cervix Cancer Deaths 38 Index, 0 to 100 in 2016 IHME
Poverty and Equity
$1.90 a day 3 timeseries
$3.20 a day 3 timeseries
$5.50 a day 3 timeseries
Number of Poor 3 timeseries
Poverty Gap 3 timeseries
Poverty Rate 22.5 % in 2009 WB
Water
Drinking water Basic Usage 4 timeseries
Sanitation 97.13 highest = best in 2018 SPI + 1 other
Usage 16 timeseries
Water Supplies Usage 9 timeseries
Water Facility Quality
Basic 13 timeseries
Improved Sanitation 9 timeseries
Unimproved 0.09 % in 2015 WHO
National Accounts
GDP 0.47 U.S. dollars, Billions in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Gross National Income 443,326,175.41 current US$ in 2018 WB + 2 others
Gross Savings 132,098,638.09 current LCU in 2012 WB
Gross Value Added 730,500,000 constant LCU in 2016 WB
Net Current Transfers from Abroad 365,568,100 current LCU in 2018 WB
Net Income from Abroad 14,975,100 current LCU in 2018 WB
Net National Income 396,773,245.84 current US$ in 2017 WB + 1 other
Net Taxes on Production 98,500,000 constant LCU in 2016 WB
National Accounts Gross Savings
Adjusted Savings 0 % in 2017 WB
Gross Domestic Savings -101,185,900 current LCU in 2012 WB
National Accounts Gross Savings Adjusted Savings
Education Expenditure Adjusted Savings 2.93 % in 2017 WB
National Accounts GDP
Discrepancy in Expenditure Estimate of GDP -18,178,600 current LCU in 2012 WB
External Balance on Goods and Services -493,700,000 current LCU in 2017 WB
Gross National Expenditure 146.02 % in 2012 WB
National Accounts GDP Gross National Expenditure
Final Consumption Expenditure 121.27 % of GDP in 2017 UNSD + 1 other
Gross Capital Formation 267,221,300 current LCU in 2012 WB
National Accounts GDP Gross National Expenditure Gross Capital Formation
Changes in Inventories 1,714,555.43 current US$ in 2012 WB
Gross Fixed Capital Formation 33.01 % in 2012 WB
National Accounts GDP Gross National Expenditure Final Consumption Expenditure
General Government Final Consumption Expenditure 151,033,400 current LCU in 2012 WB
Household Final Consumption Expenditure 442,947,961.53 current US$ in 2012 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance Trade (current US$ in 2018)
Imports 323,102,767.12 WB + 1 other
Exports 104,818,106.71 WB + 1 other
Net Trade -218,284,660.41 WB
Goods 18 timeseries
Services 12 timeseries
Fertility Indicators
Adolescent Fertility Rate 1 timeseries
Births 8.58 thousands in 2100 UNDESA
Completeness of Birth Registration 93.4 % in 2012 WB
Crude Birth Rate 12.14 per 1,000 population in 2099 UNDESA + 1 other
Fertility Rate 3.6 births per woman in 2017 WB
Mean Age of Childbearing 31.1 years in 2100 UNDESA
Reproduction 0.97 surviving daughters per woman in 2100 UNDESA
Demographics
Age Population 1 timeseries
Migration -4 thousands in 2100 UNDESA
Mortality Indicators Adult 3 timeseries
Population 109.01 thousands in 2018 UNCTAD + 4 others
Demographics Age
Adolescent 8 timeseries
Adult 30 timeseries
Children 29 % in 2010 WHO
Dependency Ratio 70.56 % in 2018 WB
Infant 3.92 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2100 UNDESA
Old 12 timeseries
Youth 25 timeseries
Demographics Age Dependency Ratio (% in 2018)
Child Dependency Ratio 60.4 WB
Old-Age Dependency Ratio 10.15 WB
Demographics Migration
Asylum 1 Number in 2010 UNHCR
Refugees 0 Persons in 2017 UNDESA + 1 other
Demographics Population
Density Population 2 timeseries
Natural Change 1.55 per 1000 population in 2100 UNDESA
Land Use Land Use Type
Agricultural Area 6 timeseries
Arable 0.18 hectares/person in 2016 WB
Country Area 2 timeseries
Cropland Area 2 timeseries
Forest Area 3 timeseries
Inland waters 3 1000 ha in 2016 FAO
Land Area 4 timeseries
Marine Area Protected 1 timeseries
Meadows Pastures 1 timeseries
Pastures Meadows 1 timeseries
Agriculture Agricultural Products Meat Meat products Imports
Bacon 1 tonnes in 2016 FAO
Sausage 4 timeseries
Agriculture Agricultural Products Oil Imports Oil (tonnes in 2016)
Boiled 4 FAO
Virgin Olives 2 timeseries
Agriculture Agricultural Products Dairy Products
Butter Imports 2 timeseries
Buttermilk Imports 2 timeseries
Cheese Imports 4 timeseries
Cheese and Curd Imports 2 timeseries
Cream Fresh Imports 2 timeseries
Milk 206 Head in 2017 FAO
Milk Equivalent 4 timeseries
Agriculture Agricultural Products Textile Fibres
Silk Imports 0 tonnes in 2013 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Textile Fibres Cotton Imports (tonnes)
Cotton waste 2 in 2014 FAO
Cotton lint 0 in 2014 FAO
Cotton linter 0 in 2002 FAO
Cotton, carded, combed 0 in 2014 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Textile Fibres Silk
Silk-worm cocoons Imports 0 tonnes in 2001 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Fat Imports (tonnes)
Tallow 47 in 2016 FAO
Lard 0 in 2013 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Margarine Imports (tonnes)
Margrine Short 106 in 2016 FAO
Liquid Margarine 6 in 2014 FAO
Agriculture Agricultural Products Pastry
Wafers Imports 167 tonnes in 2016 FAO
Agriculture Crops Fruits Pome Fruits Imports (tonnes in 2016)
Apples 497 FAO
Pears 128 FAO
Persimmons 0 FAO
Agriculture Crops Fruits Stone fruit Imports (tonnes)
Apricots 4 timeseries
Peaches and nectarines 1 in 2016 FAO
Plums Dried 2 timeseries
Plums and sloes 0 in 2015 FAO
Agriculture Crops Fruits Berries Imports (tonnes)
Blueberries 0 in 2015 FAO
Cherries 0 in 2016 FAO
Strawberries 0 in 2016 FAO
Grapes 4 timeseries
Agriculture Crops Fibre Crops Imports (tonnes in 2013)
Flax Fibre and Tow 0 FAO
Flax fibre raw 0 FAO
Jute 0 FAO
Jute and Bast Fibres 0 FAO
Agriculture Water Resources (10^9 m3/year in 2017)
External 0 FAO
Surface Water Resources External 12 timeseries
Economic Activity Industry and Construction Industry
Mining Gross Value Added Growth 11.24 % of GDP in 2017 UNSD
Economic Activity Services Educational services, health care, and social assistance Education
Expenditures 3.91 % in 2004 WB
Economic Activity Services ICT
High Technology Exports Goods 2.7 % in 2014 WB
Agriculture Crops Nuts Nuts Type Treenuts
Almonds Imports Shelled 0 tonnes in 2016 FAO
Commodities Natural resources Fossil Fuels Oil Production (Thousand Barrels Per Day on Dec 2018)
Crude Oil and Lease Condensate 0 EIA
Natural Gas Plant Liquids 0 EIA
Other Liquids 0 EIA
Refinery Processing Gain 0 EIA
Commodities Natural resources Fossil Fuels Oil Other Liquids Production (Thousand Barrels Per Day on Dec 2018)
Crude Oil, NGPL and Other Liquids 0 EIA
Petroleum and Other Liquids 0 EIA
Land Pollution
Fertilizers 0 tonnes of nutrients in 2013 UNSD
Land Pollution Fertilizers Phosphate
Superphosphate Production 0 tonnes in 2008 FAO
Tourism Indicators (LCU in billions in 2018)
Arrivals 3 timeseries
Contribution Tourism 6 timeseries
Expenditure 0.13 WTTC
Investment 0.03 WTTC
Receipts International Tourism 4 timeseries
Health Indicators Mortality Rate Conditions Deaths
Maternity 0.18 % in 2017 WB
Neonatal 16 numbers in 2018 WB
Health Indicators Mortality Rate Conditions Maternity (% in 2012)
Assisted by medical professionals Births 1 timeseries
Prenatal care 99 WB
Access to Financial Sector
ATM 40.48 per 100,000 adults in 2018 WB
Borrowers with Commercial Banks 162.69 per 1,000 adults in 2017 WB
Commercial Bank Branches 32.98 per 100,000 adults in 2018 WB
Depositors with Commercial Banks 760.59 per 1,000 adults in 2018 WB
Species Threatened (Number in 2018)
Fish 16 WB
Bird 5 WB
Plant 5 WB
Mammal 2 WB
Telecommunication Internet
Broadband Line Subscriptions 2 timeseries
Individuals using Internet 1 timeseries
Secure Internet Servers 18 Number in 2018 WB
Government Finance
Budget Deficit 0.01 National currency, billions in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Debt 472.85 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Government Expenditure 0.51 National currency, billions in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Government Revenue 0.52 National currency, billions in 2018 IMF + 2 others
Investment in Nonfinancial Assets 104.88 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Net Acquisition of Financial Assets 36.21 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Net Incurrence of Liabilities 14.85 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Operating Balance Gross 6 timeseries
Primary Net Lending/Borrowing 29.65 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Government Finance Government Expenditure
Compensation of Employees 43.4 % in 2017 WB + 1 other
Goods and Services Expense 39.15 % in 2017 WB + 1 other
Interest Payments 2.77 % in 2017 WB + 1 other
Other Expenses 6.04 % in 2017 WB
Social Benefits 21.76 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Subsidies and Other Transfers 8.64 % in 2017 WB
Government Finance Government Expenditure Subsidies and Other Transfers (Domestic Currency in 2017)
Grants Expense 3.22 IMF
Subsidies 0.81 IMF
Government Finance Government Revenue
Customs 9.4 % in 2017 WB
Grants and Other Revenue 50.18 % in 2017 WB
Social Contributions 0 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Tax Revenue 22.26 % in 2017 WB + 1 other
Government Finance Government Revenue Tax Revenue (% in 2017)
Tax on Goods and Services 33.26 WB
Tax on Income, Profits and Capital Gains 10.85 WB
Taxes on International Trade 5.65 WB
Other Taxes 0.06 WB
Government Finance Government Revenue Grants and Other Revenue
Grants Revenue 181.47 Domestic Currency in 2017 IMF
Health Indicators
Case fatality rate Communicable Diseases 1 timeseries
Cases 11 timeseries
Deaths 7.49 thousands in 2100 UNDESA
Disease Prevention 30 % in 1989 WB
Healthy Life Expectancy 62 Year in 2012 WHO
Incidence Tuberculosis 2 timeseries
Prevalence 37.9 % in 2016 WB
Years of life lost by broader causes 3 timeseries
Air Pollution Ozone-Depleting Substances Consumption (ODP Metric Tons in 2014)
HCFC 0.02 UNEP
CFC 0 UNEP
Methyl Bromide 0 UNEP
Air Pollution Greenhouse Gases
CH4 Emissions 5 timeseries
CO2 33 Thousand metric tons of carbon in 2014 CDIAC
N2O Emissions 4 timeseries
Air Pollution Greenhouse Gases CO2 CO2 Emissions (% in 2014)
Liquid 100 WB
Solid 0 WB
Mortality Indicators
3 timeseries
Children Deaths 7 cases in 2010 IHME
Children Mortality Rate 4.71 deaths under age five per 1,000 live births in 2100 UNDESA + 2 others
Crude Death Rate 10.81 deaths per 1,000 population in 2099 UNDESA
Infant Mortality Rate 3.89 per 1,000 live births in 2099 UNDESA + 2 others
Life Expectancy 80.05 years in 2100 UNDESA + 2 others
Maternal Deaths 2 Number in 2011 IHME + 1 other
Mortality Rate 2 timeseries
Neonatal Deaths 16 Number in 2018 WB + 1 other
Neonatal Mortality Rate 6.5 per 1,000 live births in 2018 WB + 2 others
Post Neonatal Deaths 17 cases in 2010 IHME
Post Neonatal Mortality Rate 6.1 per 1000 births in 2010 IHME
Risk of mortality 2 timeseries
Survival 68 timeseries
Under-5 Deaths 40 Number in 2018 WB + 1 other
Mortality Indicators Children Mortality Rate Children Mortality Rate (per 1000 births in 2010)
Upper Bound 24.62 IHME
Lower Bound 15.03 IHME
World Rankings
Civil Liabilities 2 Score, 1=Most Free, 7=Least Free in 2018 FH
Corruption Perceptions Index 31.39 score, 100="Very Clean" in 2011 TI
Ease of Doing Business 63.56 score in 2018 WB
Freedom 79 Score, 0=Least Free, 100=Most Free in 2018 FH
Human Development Index 0.73 Index in 2017 UNDP
Political Rights 2 Score, 1=Most Free, 7=Least Free in 2018 FH
Press Freedom Index 25.68 Score, 0=Complete Freedom, 100=No Freedom at all in 2018 RSF
Education Indicators
Completion Rate 6 timeseries
Duration 4 timeseries
Educational Attainment 15 timeseries
Enrollment Rate 23 timeseries
Intake Rate Primary Education 6 timeseries
Literacy 8 timeseries
Not in Education 9 timeseries
Pupil–Teacher Ratio 6 timeseries
School Life Expectancy 14.63 years in 2003 WB
Starting Age 2 timeseries
Education Type
Compulsory Education Duration 15 years in 2018 WB
Goods and Services Indicators
Consumer Price Index 127.7 Index on Sep 2018 IMF + 3 others
Inflation 0 Percent on Sep 2018 IMF
Balance of Payments
Current Account Balance -0.05 U.S. dollars, Billions in 2018 IMF + 1 other
Net Errors and Omissions -26,305,954.93 current US$ in 2018 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance (current US$)
Net Secondary Income 159,812,319.77 in 2018 WB
Primary Income 29,840,551.06 in 2018 WB
Grants 480,000 in 2017 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance Net Secondary Income (current US$ in 2018)
Secondary income receipts 188,228,380.6 WB
Personal Transfers 137,873,581.07 WB
Secondary income payments 26,067,916.29 WB
Personal Remittances 20,920,069.19 WB
Balance of Payments Current Account Balance Primary Income (current US$ in 2018)
Primary income receipts 49,201,812.73 WB + 1 other
Primary income payments 19,361,261.68 WB
Primary income on FDI 11,210,468.8 WB
Financial Instruments
Customer deposit 514,290,000 NCU in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF
Insurance 0 % in 2016 WHO
Wool Type Animal Wool Imports (tonnes)
Degreased 0 in 2016 FAO
Greasy 0 in 2014 FAO
Health Personnel (per 1,000 people)
Nursing and midwifery personnel 3.93 in 2016 WB + 1 other
Physicians 0.52 in 2013 WB + 1 other
Dentistry personnel 0.36 in 2009 WHO
Environmental and public health workers 0.24 in 2009 WHO
Health management and support workers 0.49 in 2009 WHO
Laboratory health workers 0.27 in 2008 WHO
Medical assistants 22 in 2009 WHO
Pharmaceutical personnel 0.15 in 2009 WHO
Radiographers 7 in 2009 WHO
Health Personnel Dentistry personnel
Dental technicians 26 in 2009 WHO
Dentists 11 in 2009 WHO
Health Personnel Laboratory health workers
Laboratory technicians 21 in 2009 WHO
Health Personnel Nursing and midwifery personnel
Midwifery personnel 21 in 2010 WHO
Nursing personnel 379 in 2010 WHO
Health Personnel Pharmaceutical personnel
Pharmaceutical technicians 11 in 2009 WHO
Pharmacists 4 in 2009 WHO
Residence (numbers in 2018)
Domestic Expenditure Health Care 8 timeseries
Foreign Expenditure Health Care 3 timeseries
Rural 79,327 WB
Urban 23,870 WB
Tourism
Domestic Tourism Expenditure 5 timeseries
Inbound Tourism 18.8 thousands in 2015 UNWTO
International Tourism 9 timeseries
Outbound Tourism Expenditure 3 timeseries
Energy
Renewable electricity Generation 5.91 % in 2015 WB
Energy Electricity
Electrification Rate 97.97 % in 2017 WB + 1 other
Labor
Employment 9 timeseries
Employment Rate 58.92 % in 2018 WB
Labor Force 39,678 Number in 2018 WB + 1 other
Labor Force Participation Rate 15 timeseries
Unemployment 1.03 % in 2018 WB
Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity 3.03 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP in 2015 WB
Generation Renewable electricity 1 timeseries
Financial Markets
Exchange Rate 0.45 US dollars in 2018 IMF
Interest Rate 4.29 % in 2018 WB
Monetary Aggregates 47.09 % in 2018 WB
Financial Markets Interest Rate
Interest margin 18,803,000 NCU in 2nd quarter 2019 IMF
Lending Rate 8.04 Percent per Annum in 2018 IMF
Financial Markets Exchange Rate
Official Exchange Rate 2.31 LCU per USD on Sep 2019 WB + 1 other
Foreign Trade (thousand USD in 2017)
Imports 199,755.2 UNCTAD + 1 other
Exports 32,169.74 UNCTAD + 1 other
Gender
Female 156 timeseries
Feminity Ratio 99.16 females per 100 males in 2100 UNDESA
Male 145 timeseries
Sex Ratio 100.85 males per 100 females in 2100 UNDESA
Sex Ratio at Birth 1.05 male births per female births in 2100 UNDESA
Capital and Financial Account (current US$ in 2018)
Net Capital Account 49,081,309.99 WB
Net Financial Account -5,856,434.53 WB
Capital and Financial Account Net Financial Account (current US$ in 2018)
Portfolio Investment 601,583.6 WB
Foreign Direct Investment -19,098,799.28 WB
Capital and Financial Account Net Financial Account Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Direct Investment (% in 2018)
Inward 3.34 WB + 1 other
Outward -0.9 WB + 1 other
Economy
Foreign-exchange reserves 227.19 current US$, millions on Dec 2018 WB + 2 others
Inflation and Prices
GDP Deflator 115.7 Index in 2018 WB
Inflation 3.86 Percent change in 2018 IMF + 4 others
Income Inequality (% in 2015)
GINI Index 37.6 WB + 1 other
Income Share 21.2 WB + 1 other
Crime
Homicides 1 Number in 2012 UNODC
Health Facilities
Hospital beds Per Capita 2.6 per 1,000 people in 2010 WB
Risk factors
Injury 3 timeseries
Smoking 30.2 Rate in 2013 WHO
Intensity
Intensity CO2 1.96 kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use in 2007 WB
Education Level Basic Education
Lower Secondary Education 14 timeseries
Primary Education 91.37 % in 2005 WB
Education Level Intermediate Education
Secondary Education 93.92 % in 2005 WB
Maternal Mortality
Maternal mortality ratio 52 per 100,000 live births in 2017 WB + 1 other
Official Development Assistance
Net Official Development Assistance 78,750,000 constant 2014 US$ in 2017 WB
Net Official Development Assistance and Official Aid 78,750,000 constant 2013 US$ in 2017 WB
Transportation Industry Indicators
Passengers Air Transportation 75,416 Number in 2004 WB
Research and Development (Number)
Trademark Applications 105 in 2002 WB
Scientific and Technical Journal Articles 1.8 in 2016 WB
Oceania
Australia 90.33B Australian dollar in 2018 OECD + 55 others
Fiji 3.5 % in 2018 WB + 28 others
Kiribati 1,853.86 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 23 others
Marshall Islands 3,285.93 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 17 others
Micronesia (Federated States of) 3,095.42 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 20 others
Nauru 10,956.88 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 16 others
New Zealand 7.58B New Zealand dollar in 2018 OECD + 50 others
Palau 13,290.89 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 17 others
Papua New Guinea 3,255.17 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 29 others
Samoa 5,235.29 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 22 others
Solomon Islands 3.4 % in 2018 WB + 27 others
Tonga 5,431.64 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 23 others
Tuvalu 3,601.75 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 16 others
Vanuatu 2,543.87 Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar in 2018 IMF + 23 others
Agriculture Indicators
Tourism Indicators
Health Indicators
Education Indicators
Environment
Commodities Indicators
Health
Educational Process Members
Water
Demographics
Land Use
Agriculture
Economic Activity
Goods
Commodities
Land Pollution
Institutions
Services
Expenditure
Measure
Education Level
Biodiversity

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