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R&D Expenditure in the World

2.23 % in 2016

Though World R&D expenditure fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1997 - 2016 period ending at 2.23 % in 2016.

The description is composed by our digital data assistant.
Date Value Change, %
2016 2.23 5.37 %
2015 2.11 -0.27 %
2014 2.12 4.30 %
2013 2.03 -2.05 %
2012 2.08 3.20 %
2011 2.01 -0.63 %
2010 2.02 -0.65 %
2009 2.04 1.98 %
2008 2.00 2.78 %
2007 1.94 -1.57 %
2006 1.97 0.49 %
2005 1.96
Patent Applications 817,323 Number in 2016 WB
R&D personnel 1,478.39 per million people in 2015 WB
Scientific and Technical Journal Articles 2,296,271.35 Number in 2016 WB
Trademark Applications 879,734 Number in 2016 WB
Macro Region
Africa 32 timeseries
Asia 15 timeseries
Central America and the Caribbean 12 timeseries
Europe 40 timeseries
Middle East 14 timeseries
North America 2.66 % in 2016 WB
Oceania 3 timeseries
South America 10 timeseries
Southeast Asia 12 timeseries
Country (%)
Israel 4.58 in 2017 WB
Republic of Korea 4.55 in 2017 WB
Switzerland 3.37 in 2015 WB
Sweden 3.31 in 2017 WB
Japan 3.2 in 2017 WB
Austria 3.16 in 2017 WB
Denmark 3.1 in 2017 WB
Germany 3.04 in 2017 WB
United States of America 2.8 in 2017 WB
Finland 2.76 in 2017 WB
Belgium 2.61 in 2017 WB
Singapore 2.22 in 2016 WB
France 2.19 in 2017 WB
Iceland 2.18 in 2017 WB
China 2.13 in 2017 WB
Norway 2.11 in 2017 WB
Netherlands 2 in 2017 WB
Australia 1.92 in 2015 WB
Slovenia 1.85 in 2017 WB
Czech Republic 1.79 in 2017 WB
United Kingdom 1.67 in 2017 WB
Canada 1.59 in 2017 WB
Malaysia 1.44 in 2016 WB
Italy 1.36 in 2017 WB
Hungary 1.35 in 2017 WB
Portugal 1.33 in 2017 WB
Estonia 1.32 in 2017 WB
Brazil 1.27 in 2016 WB
Luxembourg 1.25 in 2017 WB
New Zealand 1.23 in 2015 WB
Spain 1.21 in 2017 WB
Greece 1.14 in 2017 WB
Russian Federation 1.11 in 2017 WB
Ireland 1.04 in 2017 WB
Poland 1.04 in 2017 WB
United Arab Emirates 0.96 in 2016 WB
Turkey 0.96 in 2017 WB
Serbia 0.93 in 2017 WB
Lithuania 0.89 in 2017 WB
Slovakia 0.88 in 2017 WB
Croatia 0.87 in 2017 WB
South Africa 0.82 in 2016 WB
Saudi Arabia 0.82 in 2013 WB
Hong Kong 0.8 in 2017 WB
Kenya 0.79 in 2010 WB
Thailand 0.78 in 2016 WB
Bulgaria 0.77 in 2017 WB
Senegal 0.75 in 2015 WB
Jordan 0.72 in 2016 WB
Morocco 0.71 in 2010 WB
Burkina Faso 0.67 in 2017 WB
India 0.62 in 2015 WB
Egypt 0.61 in 2017 WB
Ethiopia 0.6 in 2013 WB
Tunisia 0.6 in 2016 WB
Belarus 0.59 in 2017 WB
Gabon 0.58 in 2009 WB
Cyprus 0.57 in 2017 WB
Malta 0.55 in 2017 WB
Botswana 0.54 in 2013 WB
Algeria 0.53 in 2017 WB
Argentina 0.53 in 2016 WB
United Republic of Tanzania 0.53 in 2013 WB
Viet Nam 0.53 in 2017 WB
Latvia 0.51 in 2017 WB
Qatar 0.51 in 2015 WB
Romania 0.5 in 2017 WB
Palestine 0.49 in 2013 WB
Mexico 0.49 in 2016 WB
Costa Rica 0.46 in 2016 WB
Ukraine 0.45 in 2017 WB
Ecuador 0.44 in 2014 WB
Puerto Rico 0.43 in 2015 WB
Uruguay 0.41 in 2016 WB
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.41 in 2015 WB
Ghana 0.38 in 2010 WB
Mauritius 0.36 in 2017 WB
Chile 0.36 in 2016 WB
North Macedonia 0.35 in 2017 WB
Cuba 0.35 in 2016 WB
Namibia 0.34 in 2014 WB
Mozambique 0.34 in 2015 WB
Saint Lucia 0.33 in 1999 WB
Montenegro 0.32 in 2016 WB
Chad 0.32 in 2016 WB
Nepal 0.3 in 2010 WB
Republic of Moldova 0.3 in 2017 WB
Sudan 0.3 in 2005 WB
Mali 0.29 in 2017 WB
Georgia 0.29 in 2017 WB
Zambia 0.28 in 2008 WB
Togo 0.27 in 2014 WB
Eswatini 0.27 in 2015 WB
Iran 0.25 in 2013 WB
Colombia 0.24 in 2017 WB
Indonesia 0.24 in 2017 WB
Pakistan 0.24 in 2017 WB
Armenia 0.23 in 2017 WB
Oman 0.22 in 2017 WB
Seychelles 0.22 in 2016 WB
Nigeria 0.22 in 2007 WB
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.2 in 2017 WB
Uzbekistan 0.19 in 2017 WB
Azerbaijan 0.19 in 2017 WB
Macau 0.17 in 2017 WB
Uganda 0.17 in 2014 WB
Bolivia 0.16 in 2009 WB
Albania 0.15 in 2008 WB
Paraguay 0.15 in 2016 WB
El Salvador 0.15 in 2016 WB
Philippines 0.14 in 2013 WB
Mongolia 0.13 in 2017 WB
Gambia 0.13 in 2011 WB
Kazakhstan 0.13 in 2017 WB
Burundi 0.12 in 2011 WB
Peru 0.12 in 2017 WB
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.12 in 2002 WB
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.12 in 2016 WB
Cambodia 0.12 in 2015 WB
Tajikistan 0.12 in 2017 WB
Kyrgyzstan 0.11 in 2017 WB
Sri Lanka 0.11 in 2015 WB
Nicaragua 0.11 in 2015 WB
Bahrain 0.1 in 2014 WB
Côte d'Ivoire 0.09 in 2016 WB
Trinidad and Tobago 0.09 in 2016 WB
Kuwait 0.08 in 2017 WB
Cabo Verde 0.07 in 2011 WB
Panama 0.06 in 2013 WB
Jamaica 0.06 in 2002 WB
Lesotho 0.05 in 2015 WB
Iraq 0.04 in 2017 WB
Monaco 0.04 in 2005 WB
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 0.04 in 2002 WB
Brunei Darussalam 0.04 in 2004 WB
Papua New Guinea 0.03 in 2016 WB
Myanmar 0.03 in 2017 WB
Guatemala 0.03 in 2015 WB
Honduras 0.01 in 2015 WB
Madagascar 0.01 in 2017 WB
Syrian Arab Republic 0.01 in 2015 WB

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