R&D personnel from the World

1,524.27 per million people in 2018

Between 2000 and 2018, R&D personnel of World grew substantially from 1,078.13 to 1,524.27 per million people rising at an increasing annual rate that reached a maximum of 10.75% in 2005 and then decreased to 10.10% in 2018.

The description is composed by our digital data assistant.
Research and development of the World
Patent Applications 946,300 Number in 2018 WB
R&D Expenditure 2.24 % in 2018 WB
Scientific and Technical Journal Articles 2,565,871.5 Number in 2018 WB
Trademark Applications 1,026,624 Number in 2018 WB
Macro Region
Africa 71 timeseries
Asia 22 timeseries
Central America and the Caribbean 14 timeseries
Europe 77 timeseries
Middle East 25 timeseries
North America 4,516.04 per million people in 2020 WB
Oceania 6 timeseries
South America 15 timeseries
Southeast Asia 22 timeseries
Country (per million people)
Republic of Korea 9,081.94 in 2021 WB
Sweden 8,130.79 in 2021 WB
Finland 7,870.65 in 2021 WB
Denmark 7,707.73 in 2021 WB
Norway 7,227.93 in 2021 WB
Singapore 7,224.75 in 2020 WB
Iceland 6,940.42 in 2021 WB
Belgium 6,581.89 in 2021 WB
Austria 6,341.74 in 2021 WB
Netherlands 6,074.31 in 2021 WB
Switzerland 6,022.75 in 2021 WB
Portugal 5,742.97 in 2022 WB
Japan 5,638.42 in 2021 WB
Germany 5,535.95 in 2021 WB
Ireland 5,250.68 in 2021 WB
Slovenia 5,223 in 2021 WB
France 5,175.01 in 2021 WB
New Zealand 5,102.27 in 2021 WB
Canada 5,076.24 in 2020 WB
Luxembourg 4,940.6 in 2021 WB
Hong Kong 4,808.96 in 2022 WB
Australia 4,594.14 in 2010 WB
Czech Republic 4,568.61 in 2021 WB
United Kingdom 4,491.32 in 2017 WB
Hungary 4,452.15 in 2021 WB
United States of America 4,451.78 in 2020 WB
Greece 4,326.31 in 2021 WB
Estonia 4,038.2 in 2021 WB
Lithuania 3,935.09 in 2021 WB
Macau 3,544.53 in 2022 WB
Poland 3,534.5 in 2021 WB
Spain 3,251.74 in 2021 WB
Slovakia 3,211.04 in 2021 WB
Russian Federation 2,697.89 in 2022 WB
Italy 2,677.84 in 2021 WB
United Arab Emirates 2,666.02 in 2021 WB
Latvia 2,404.52 in 2021 WB
Serbia 2,349.68 in 2022 WB
Bulgaria 2,339.25 in 2021 WB
Croatia 2,330.91 in 2021 WB
Malta 2,160.73 in 2021 WB
Turkey 1,999.53 in 2021 WB
Georgia 1,823.03 in 2022 WB
Cyprus 1,743.29 in 2021 WB
Thailand 1,699.06 in 2021 WB
Azerbaijan 1,690.67 in 2022 WB
China 1,687.06 in 2021 WB
Tunisia 1,671.99 in 2022 WB
Iran 1,597.34 in 2019 WB
Belarus 1,381.79 in 2022 WB
Argentina 1,283.8 in 2021 WB
Armenia 1,219.93 in 2022 WB
Morocco 1,080.71 in 2016 WB
Romania 985.49 in 2021 WB
Qatar 982.5 in 2021 WB
Brazil 888.46 in 2014 WB
Egypt 841.4 in 2022 WB
Uruguay 838.51 in 2021 WB
Saudi Arabia 834.81 in 2022 WB
Algeria 832.42 in 2017 WB
Viet Nam 779.31 in 2021 WB
Republic of Moldova 768.02 in 2022 WB
Montenegro 743.38 in 2019 WB
Malaysia 726.46 in 2020 WB
Kazakhstan 681.51 in 2022 WB
North Macedonia 642.37 in 2022 WB
Palestine 588.83 in 2013 WB
Senegal 580.95 in 2015 WB
Ukraine 580.81 in 2022 WB
Jordan 577.92 in 2017 WB
Mauritius 569.01 in 2022 WB
Uzbekistan 547.49 in 2022 WB
Bosnia and Herzegovina 535 in 2022 WB
Mongolia 533.64 in 2022 WB
Trinidad and Tobago 525.49 in 2021 WB
Chile 518.67 in 2020 WB
Brunei Darussalam 513.56 in 2022 WB
South Africa 472.68 in 2020 WB
Pakistan 415.3 in 2021 WB
Ecuador 402.3 in 2014 WB
Indonesia 399.61 in 2020 WB
Costa Rica 399.35 in 2021 WB
Mexico 384.09 in 2021 WB
Bahrain 383.96 in 2014 WB
Oman 381.77 in 2022 WB
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 351.97 in 2022 WB
Puerto Rico 333.8 in 2015 WB
Monaco 310.64 in 2005 WB
India 260.38 in 2020 WB
Honduras 187.43 in 2019 WB
Kuwait 181.98 in 2022 WB
Botswana 173.95 in 2013 WB
Philippines 172.01 in 2018 WB
Kenya 169.27 in 2022 WB
Iraq 162.46 in 2021 WB
Albania 157.6 in 2008 WB
Namibia 152.83 in 2014 WB
Seychelles 152.46 in 2005 WB
Paraguay 142.4 in 2021 WB
Panama 142.03 in 2022 WB
Syrian Arab Republic 142.01 in 2022 WB
Eswatini 139.1 in 2015 WB
Congo 128.25 in 2022 WB
Cabo Verde 117.87 in 2014 WB
Sri Lanka 104.55 in 2020 WB
Zimbabwe 99.44 in 2012 WB
Ethiopia 90.24 in 2017 WB
Colombia 89.86 in 2017 WB
Ghana 86.98 in 2015 WB
Nicaragua 70.03 in 1997 WB
Côte d'Ivoire 67.65 in 2005 WB
El Salvador 64.72 in 2021 WB
Bolivia 62.37 in 2021 WB
Nepal 59.64 in 2002 WB
Chad 58.76 in 2016 WB
Rwanda 58.5 in 2019 WB
Malawi 50.47 in 2010 WB
Gambia 49.98 in 2018 WB
Burkina Faso 46.75 in 2010 WB
Togo 44.4 in 2022 WB
Mozambique 43.95 in 2015 WB
Zambia 42.45 in 2008 WB
Madagascar 33.73 in 2018 WB
Papua New Guinea 33.39 in 2016 WB
Cambodia 30.77 in 2015 WB
Mali 29.32 in 2021 WB
Uganda 28.73 in 2014 WB
Niger 26.76 in 2013 WB
Lesotho 23.57 in 2015 WB
Burundi 23.2 in 2018 WB
Nigeria 22.83 in 2019 WB
United Republic of Tanzania 19.15 in 2013 WB
Myanmar 18.97 in 2021 WB
Angola 18.95 in 2016 WB
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 15.64 in 2002 WB
Guatemala 14.52 in 2021 WB
Democratic Republic of the Congo 10.42 in 2015 WB