Over the last thirty years the ranking of world exporters has significantly changed. Until 2000 the leading positions had been occupied by Germany and the United States. In 2010 China outpaced them, and till now China has taken the first place with a significant advantage, whereas Germany and the United States take the second and the third places accordingly. As regards the import, till 2014 the United States has taken the first position in the amount of imported goods. Germany also imports a great amount of goods that allows it to take the leading position. By 2005 China had also increased the value of imports, and since 2010 has taken the second place in the rating of imports.
Exports Ranking shows the countries that take leading positions in export of goods provided that the cost of transportation on board of airlines or cargoship is paid by the seller, that is called 'Freight on Board' or 'Free on Board"'(FOB).
Imports Ranking demonstrates the value of transported goods subject to the seller arranges for the carriage of goods to a place of destination, for this there is a term 'Cost, Insurance and Freight'(CIF).
Access Data: IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)
The Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS) from IMF presents current figures on the value of merchandise exports and imports disaggregated according to a country's primary trading partners. Area and world aggregates are included in the display of trade flows between major areas of the world. Reported data is supplemented by estimates whenever such data is not available or current. Imports are reported on a cost insurance and freight (CIF) basis and exports are reported on a free on board (FOB) basis with the exception of a few countries for which imports are also available FOB. Time series data includes estimates derived from reports of...
Surveillance of national trade policies is a fundamentally important activity running throughout the work of the WTO. At the centre of this work is the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM). All WTO members are reviewed, the frequency of each country’s review varying according to its share of world trade. Event holder: WTO