Conventional wisdom suggests a negative relationship exists between corruption and economic activity. However, some studies* have shown that fraud could serve as a fount of innovation harnessed to more positive outcomes. Even if at the firm-level bribes sometimes present a more efficient alternative to introduce innovative products to markets, economy-wide data prove that a reduction of corruption and administrative barriers is crucial to enable the advantages of a competitive business environment and to unlock the innovative potential of entrepreneurship for more rapid and sustainable economic growth.
For a given level of corruption, one can predict fairly accurately the strength of a country's innovation climate because of the demonstrated relationship between corruption and entrepreneurial and innovative activity. No country with high levels of corruption has simultaneously achieved a score of more than 50 on the Entrepreneurship and Innovation indices scales (from 0 to 100). Individual deviations from the global trend, such as China or Russia which are ranked among the top 50 countries worldwide on the Global Innovation Index, are exceptions that only prove the rule. The development of innovation conditions in these countries has been very slow in part because government intervention that selects industry winners and corruptly awards contracts also reduces the incentive to innovate.
In the developed world, Italy and Greece exemplify how high rates of corruption slow economic activity. Both countries have among the highest corruption rates in Europe and belong to a cluster of inferior EU member states based on entrepreneurial conditions and innovative capabilities.**
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Every year Transparency International - the global coalition against corruption publishes Corruption Perception Index in countries around the world. Denmark and New Zealand top again with "very clean" scores over 90/100. The main reason of countries' success is strong inland corruption control. Let's remind some basic facts about the index:CPI is a business measure, addressed primarily to media and other expert people. Ordinary people are not really counted in, nor much affected by references.CPI pertains exclusively to public sector corruption, leaving aside whatever happens amids private settings.Up until 2012, the way CPI was constructed...
Worldwide Governance indicators reports aggregate and individual governance indicators for 215 economies over the period 1996–2011. The governance indicators presented herereflect the statistical compilation of responses on the quality of governance given by a large number of enterprise, citizen and expert survey respondents in industrial and developingcountries, as reported by a number of survey institutes, think tanks, non-governmental organizations, and international organizations. The aggregate indicators do not reflect the officialviews of the World Bank, its Executive Directors, or the countries they represent.
The UN Convention against Corruption's implementation is powered by a Review Mechanism that has enabled the training of anti-corruption experts and helped countries revise their legislation. In 2017, the Seventh Session of the Conference of States Parties to the UN Convention against Corruption will be held in Vienna, Austria. Date of Event: 6-10 November 2017 Event Holder: United Nations Source of data: Corruption Perception Index, Worldwide Governance Indicators