An error occured. Details Hide
You have unsaved pages. Restore Cancel

In 2014, China kept its position as the world’s largest exporter of goods for the sixth consecutive year. China's share of world exports has exceeded 12.3% - is a new record in history. United States, being the second largest merchandise exporter in terms of gross value, is the largest importer also. Net imports of goods in the US is the largest in the world in nominal terms. In 2014 net imports of goods in US was $787 bln, $610 bln more than the second-largest world’s merchandise net importer – United Kingdom. The third world’s country by the amount of net imports is India (143 billion dollars as of 2014).

Japan, which was on the top of the ranking of world’s net exporting countries 30 years ago, in 2011 became a net importer of goods for the first time since the early 1980s. By the end of 2014, Japan's net imports increased to 138 billion dollars and the country has become the fourth largest in the world in terms of merchandise net imports.

Explore how the structure of the world’s exports and imports has changed over the years. Select the country, geographic region or country group in the list to see the trends on the graph below the page.

Source: Values and shares of merchandise exports and imports, annual, 1948-2014

Related Data Insights

Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

The Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS) from IMF presents current figures on the value of merchandise exports and imports disaggregated according to a country's primary trading partners. Area and world aggregates are included in the display of trade flows between major areas of the world. Reported data is supplemented by estimates whenever such data is not available or current. Imports are reported on a cost insurance and freight (CIF) basis and exports are reported on a free on board (FOB) basis with the exception of a few countries for which imports are also available FOB. Time series data includes estimates derived from reports of...

World Exporters and Importers Ranking

Over the last thirty years the ranking of world exporters has significantly changed. Until 2000 the leading positions had been occupied by Germany and the United States. In 2010 China outpaced them, and till now China has taken the first place with a significant advantage, whereas Germany and the United States take the second and the third places accordingly. As regards the import, till 2014 the United States has taken the first position in the amount of imported goods. Germany also imports a great amount of goods that allows it to take the leading position. By 2005 China had also increased the value of imports, and since 2010 has taken the...

Major Export Destinations

Imports by Partner Countries