In 2014, China kept its position as the world’s largest exporter of goods for the sixth consecutive year. China's share of world exports has exceeded 12.3% - is a new record in history. United States, being the second largest merchandise exporter in terms of gross value, is the largest importer also. Net imports of goods in the US is the largest in the world in nominal terms. In 2014 net imports of goods in US was $787 bln, $610 bln more than the second-largest world’s merchandise net importer – United Kingdom. The third world’s country by the amount of net imports is India (143 billion dollars as of 2014).
Japan, which was on the top of the ranking of world’s net exporting countries 30 years ago, in 2011 became a net importer of goods for the first time since the early 1980s. By the end of 2014, Japan's net imports increased to 138 billion dollars and the country has become the fourth largest in the world in terms of merchandise net imports.
Explore how the structure of the world’s exports and imports has changed over the years. Select the country, geographic region or country group in the list to see the trends on the graph below the page.
Trade Policy Reviews are an exercise, mandated in the WTO agreements, in which member countries' trade and related policies are examined and evaluated at regular intervals. Significant developments that may have an impact on the global trading system are also monitored. All WTO members are subject to review, with the frequency of review depending on the country's size. Event holder: World Trade Organization
The Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS) from IMF presents current figures on the value of merchandise exports and imports disaggregated according to a country's primary trading partners. Area and world aggregates are included in the display of trade flows between major areas of the world. Reported data is supplemented by estimates whenever such data is not available or current. Imports are reported on a cost insurance and freight (CIF) basis and exports are reported on a free on board (FOB) basis with the exception of a few countries for which imports are also available FOB. Time series data includes estimates derived from reports of...
World Trade Rankings World Commodity Trade Ranking | World Services Trade Ranking Country Export Profiles China | India | Canada | USA | Russia | Germany | Japan | France | UK | EU-27 | South Korea | Ghana | Pakistan | Brazil | Uganda Country Import Profiles China | India | Canada | USA | Russia | Germany | Japan | France | UK | EU-27 | South Korea | Ghana | Pakistan | Brazil | Uganda Commodity Trade Profiles Agricultural Products | Fuels | Iron and Steel | Chemicals | Pharmaceuticals | Machinery and Equipment | Textile | Clothing Sources: Foreign Trade