An error occured. Details Hide
You have unsaved pages. Restore Cancel

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill about 40 million people annually. Comprising chronic lung diseases, diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases, NCDs are the result of a characteristic Western, predominantly urban lifestyle and negative environmental factors. Almost three-quarters of global NCD deaths arise from low or middle income countries, where the incidence of NCDs is on the rise. - World Economic Forum

 

The major common lifestyle risk factors of non-communicable diseases are physical inactivity, air pollution, obesity, smoking, and drinking.

  • Insufficient physical activity accounts for about nine percent of premature deaths and, according to research published in the Lancet journal, cost the world economy an estimated $67.5 billion in 2013.
  • Air pollution causes about 3.2 million deaths worldwide, including 223,000 deaths from lung cancer, according to the World Health Organization.
  • The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation estimates that excess weight and obesity cause 3.4 million deaths per year globally.
  • Smoking tobacco was responsible for about 5 million deaths globally in 2010, according to the Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group.

The following dashboard presents a high-level overview of the global burden of NCDs, and how this burden has evolved over the course of the past two decades, a period marked by rapid economic growth among developing nations and improvements in medicine and public health. These improvements have helped countries to fight against infectious diseases. Now the world is turning its attention towards the fight against NCDs, largely chronic diseases associated with lifestyle choices and aging.

  • Ninety countries have experienced an increase in NCDs over the last 25 years, a burden that spans Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, and North and South America.
  • As of 2016, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Russia, Latvia, and Hungary had the highest burden of non-communicable diseases in the world.
  • Of note, while about 85 percent of countries successfully reduced the prevalence of smoking, only seven percent successfully reduced the prevalence of obesity.

Related Data Insights

Intoxicants usage among US students by grade, sex and race

Drug use among American students is a persistent and serious problem in modern US society. The development of telecommunication services has seriously simplified the process of accessing drugs not only for adults, but even for children, and contributed to a shift in the use patterns of 12th, 10th and 8th graders who regularly use intoxicants.  According to the survey conducted by US National Center for Health Statistics, alcohol remains the most "popular" intoxicant among observed groups. The use of alcohol by the survey group, along with cigarettes, cocaine, and (for the most part) ecstasy, steeply decreased between the...

Top Pharmaceutical Companies, 2015

As of 2014, the global pharmaceutical market was worth about $1 trillion US dollars in sales and is expected to increase by US$300 billion within next two years. The ten largest companies with annual sales over $20 billion controlled over one-third of this market. The biggest pharmaceutical companies by sales according to the 2015 edition of Financial Times Global 500 companies are Jonhson & Johnson, Pfizer, Novartis, Roche, and Merck.First ranked company, Jonhson & Johnson, is engaged in R&D, manufacture, and sale of products in the field of human health and well-being. Headquartered in New Jersey, USA, the company...

Clean Air, Healthy Lungs

Air pollution occurs when chemical, physical or biological substances alter the natural characteristics of the atmosphere, potentially leading to respiratory and other diseases that can be lethal. Home furnaces, automobiles, industrial plants, and forest fires are the main sources of air pollution worldwide.Among the pollutants of greatest public health concern are particulate matter-including some forms of smoke, soot, dust, salt, acids, and metals - carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide. Not all air pollution is manmade. Natural weather events, such as hurricanes, can also significantly...

Economic Costs of Insufficient Sleep Across Five OECD Countries

Famous intellects and innovators including the likes of Benjamin Franklin and Nicola Tesla are known not only for their contributions to the world but for doing so on very few hours of sleep per night. We may like to think we could all achieve similar success if we slept less and worked more yet the reality of the human mind and body suggests that insufficient sleep has adverse and far-reaching consequences on our health and well-being and, ultimately, the global economy. The findings of a recent study by RAND Corporation covering 62,000 individuals across five OECD countries show that insufficient sleep has far reaching...