Being first produced in 200 BC and first put on mass production in 1850s steel nowadays is arguably the most important material used in engineering and construction throughout the world. Being an alloy of iron and carbon, steel accounts for over 3500 various grades with different chemical, environmental and physical properties, 75% of which have been created in the past 2 decades. As of 2012, it was produced 1,545 million tons of crude steel in the World with China being an absolute leader accounting for about a half of world's crude steel production, according to the data provided by World Steel Association. Concerning international trade, Brazil is the biggest exporter of iron ore accounting for about one fourth of the world's iron ore exports, while China is the biggest importer. These and other statistics on annual and monthly dynamics of production of wide variety of steel products from World Steel Association is available below.
Blast Furnace & Direct Reduced Iron Production (Annual) | Blast Furnace & Direct Reduced Iron Production (Monthly) | Production of Steel by Products (Annual) | Production of Steel (Monthly) | Exports & Imports of Steel by Products | Use of Steel by Products
See also: World Crude Steel Production
First River has provided strategy consulting services to the steel industry and those with an interest in it since 1998. Thanks to a new technology partnership with Knoema, you can now share First River’s charts, subject focused dashboards and insights to improve your understanding of the steel industry around the world.
During the last 10 years, a small group of emerging economies in Asia have supported the growth in total global steel production. While India and South Korea have contributed, production from China overwhelmingly leads globally. Accounting for half of global steel production, analysts worldwide monitor China's monthly production figures closely for signs of economic strength but also to gauge forward pricing expectations based on global demand and the production response of competing mills overseas.Between 2004 and 2014, China increased its annual steel production almost three times to about 823 million tons. At that volume, China's steel...