Air pollution occurs when chemical, physical or biological substances alter the natural characteristics of the atmosphere, potentially leading to respiratory and other diseases that can be lethal.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) at the World Health Organization classifies particulate matter, the main component of air pollution, as carcinogenic and published a study in 2013 definitively linking air pollution and lung cancer.
Industrial cities and densely populated metropolises are home to many sources of air pollution or otherwise fail to counter natural and manmade pollution sources, creating public planning risk scenarios that require mitigation. Of concern to health officials in urban areas are: large open grounds without any trees or grass and that may also lack protection against erosion; motorization, including exhaust and particulates from the residue of tire friction against asphalt; and winterization of roadways, commonly with sands and other reagents. Rural living conditions in the developing world can present uniquely challenging pollutants because reducing the pollutants would require cultural adaptations. For example, the use of biomass for fuel and home construction as well as poor sanitation in highly travel roadways generates air pollution.
*PM10 is used to describe particles of 10 micrometers or less and PM2.5 represents particles less than 2.5 micrometers in aerodynamic diameter.
Information that EU member states submit annually per Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 to the European Commission and onward to the European Environment Agency (EEA) on newly registered passenger cars provide a unique opportunity to analyze CO2 emissions. The data reveal thought-provoking trends from the perspective of purchasing patterns of lowest to highest emission cars and the corresponding potential contribution of each make and model to air pollution.Premium-class sport cars are the ‘dirtiest’ based on CO2 emissions, with Bugatti vehicles—each emitting more than half a kilogram of CO2 per kilometer (km)—at the top. Yet, the potential...
The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe's economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy.
The United States consumes nearly five times as much gasoline and drives nearly twice as far as other advanced democracies while charging the least amount for gasoline.