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Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) focuses on tracking a range of violent and non-violent actions by political agents, including governments, rebels, militias, communal groups, political parties, external actors, rioters, protesters and civilians. Data contain specific information on the date, location, group names, interaction type, event type, reported fatalities and contextual notes. ACLED defines a battle as “a violent interaction between two politically organized armed groups (Actor 1 and Actor 2) at a particular time and location.” However, event types “Remote Violence”, “Headquarters or base established” “Strategic development”, “Riots/Protests” and “Non-violent-transfer of territory” can be single actor events.
Definitions of terms used:
Event Date: - The day, month and year on which an event took place. Year - The year in which an event took place Event Type - The type of conflict event, Violent , Demonstrations (Protests and Riots) and Nonviolent Actions (Non-violent transfer of territory, Headquarters or base established by violent group, Strategic development) Actor 1- The named actor involved in the event.
Actor 2- The named actor involved in the event.
Associated Actor: The additional groups, besides the main agents noted in “Actor 1” and “Actor 2” columns, can be coded in the respective “Associated Actor” columns for both main agents. An associated group may be allies in actions, in the case of battles, or both be victims of an attack.
ASSOC_ACTOR_1- The named actor associated with or identifying Actor 1
ASSOC_ACTOR_2- The named actor associated with or identifying Actor 2 Inter 1- Group type (eight groups in ACLED categories) associated to Actor 1.
Inter 2- Group type (eight groups in ACLED categories) associated to Actor 2. Country - The country in which the event took place. Location - The location in which the event took place Fatalities - The number of reported fatalities which occurred during the event. EVENT_ID_CNTY - An individual identifier by number and country acronym (updated annually) EVENT_ID_NO_CNTY - An individual numeric identifier TIME_PRECISION:-
Code 1:- If sources include an actual date of an event, a time precision code of “1” is entered.
Code 2:- If sources note that an event happened during a specific week, “2” is noted in the time precision field and the middle of that week is used as the reference date.
Code 3:- If sources note only that an event took place within a particular month, without reference to the particular date, the month mid-point is chosen unless the beginning or end of the month is noted (in which case, the first and last date are used, respectively) and “3” is noted as the time precision level.
GEO_PRECISION - A numeric code indicating the level of certainty of the location coded for the event.
Code 1:-If the report notes a particular town, and coordinates are available for that town, the highest precision level (1) is recorded.
Code 2:- If the source material notes that activity took place in a small part of a region, and notes a general area, a town with georeferenced coordinates to represent that area is chosen and the geo-precision code will note “2” for “part of region”. If activity occurs in the direct outskirts of a town or city, this same precision code is employed.
Code 3:- If a larger region is mentioned, a provincial capital is chosen to represent the region and noted with precision level “3”.
Historical versions of this dataset since 26 March 2016 are available.
The information about original data source is available only to premium users.