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The "EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard", published annually since 2004, monitors top EU based R&D investing companies benchmarking them with top investors located in other parts of the world. The Scoreboard is part of the European Commission’s monitoring activities to improve the understanding of trends in R&D investment by the business sector. In the context of the EU agenda for Jobs, Growth and Investment, the contribution of the business sector to reach the 3% objective for R&D intensity in the European economy is crucial. Evidence shows that most of the EU R&D gap with respect to main world competitors comes from an insufficient number of leading innovative companies in key high-tech sectors. The Scoreboard relies on economic and financial information on the World's top 2500 companies that invested €607.2 billion in R&D –representing about 90% of the total expenditure on R&D by business worldwide. The data is collected from the latest available companies' accounts (i.e. for this year's edition usually the fiscal year 2014/15). It complements official territorial statistics (such as BERD) in the study of important questions related to companies' innovation behaviour in a global context. It is a reliable, up-to-date benchmarking tool for comparisons between companies, sectors, and geographical areas, as well as to monitor and analyse emerging investment trends and patterns. It also aims to raise public awareness and support for R&D investment among individual companies and policy makers, and encourages companies to disclose information about their R&D investments. The 2015 Scoreboard sample contains 608 companies based in the EU, 829 companies based in the US, 360 in Japan and 703 from the rest of the world.
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