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  • President:Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
  • Prime Minister:Yahya Ould Hademine
  • Capital city:Nouakchott
  • Languages:Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French note: the spoken Arabic in Mauritania differs considerably from the modern standard Arabic used for official written purposes or in the media; the Mauritanian dialect, which incorporates many Berber words, is referred to as Hassaniya
  • Government
  • National statistics office
  • Population:4,301,018 (2016)
  • Area:1,030,700 (2016)
  • GDP per capita:1,078 (2016)
  • GDP, billion current US$:4.6 (2016)
  • GINI index:32.42 (2014)
  • Ease of Doing Business rank:160 (2016)