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  • Monarch:Felipe VI
  • Prime Minister:Pedro Sánchez
  • Capital city:Madrid
  • Languages:Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan; <5,000 speakers) note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
  • Government
  • National statistics office
  • Population:46,443,959 (2016)
  • Area:500,210 (2016)
  • GDP per capita:26,528 (2016)
  • GDP, billion current US$:1,232.1 (2016)
  • GINI index:35.89 (2012)
  • Ease of Doing Business rank:32 (2016)