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GINI index


In 2018, GINI index in France was 29.9 %. In the ranking by GINI index including 107 countries, France has the 87th rank that is close to the positions of such countries as Mauritania and the Japan. Compared to South Africa which at the top of the ranking with GINI index of 57.7 % in 2018, France has 48.18 % percent lower GINI index.

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What is GINI index?

Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income or consumption expenditure among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

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