Research and development expenditure as a share of GDP


Portugal is the top country by R&D expenditure in the world. As of 2022, R&D expenditure in Portugal was 1.7 %. The top 5 countries also includes Canada, Hong Kong, Egypt, and Serbia.

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What is R&D expenditure?

Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.