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Industrial water withdrawal

(billion cubic meters per year)

China is the top country by industrial water withdrawal in the world. As of 2015, industrial water withdrawal in China was 133.5 billion cubic meters per year that accounts for 89.97 % of the world's industrial water withdrawal. The top 5 countries (others are Mexico, Bulgaria, Australia, and Iceland) account for 99.87 % of it. The world's total industrial water withdrawal was estimated at 148.38 billion cubic meters per year in 2015.

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What is industrial water withdrawal?

Annual quantity of water withdrawn for industrial uses. It includes renewable water resources as well as potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater and potential use of desalinated water or treated wastewater. This sector refers to self-supplied industries not connected to the public distribution network. The ratio between net consumption and withdrawal is estimated at less than 5%. It includes water for the cooling of thermoelectric plants, but it does not include hydropower.