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Number of Technicians

Country R&D personnel (per million people)
Luxembourg 3,128.11 in 2016 WB
Switzerland 2,927.12 in 2015 WB
Austria 2,579.55 in 2015 WB
Slovenia 2,369.74 in 2016 WB
Denmark 2,123.64 in 2011 WB
Iceland 2,096.4 in 2016 WB
Netherlands 2,037.83 in 2011 WB
Sweden 2,027.7 in 2011 WB
Czech Republic 1,961.37 in 2017 WB
Germany 1,952.34 in 2016 WB
France 1,798.24 in 2015 WB
Belgium 1,377.99 in 2011 WB
United Kingdom 1,315.53 in 2016 WB
Republic of Korea 1,253.91 in 2017 WB
Canada 1,213.76 in 2016 WB
Spain 1,196.58 in 2016 WB
Ireland 1,144.5 in 2016 WB
Australia 1,135.92 in 2008 WB
New Zealand 1,018.52 in 2015 WB
Israel 997.04 in 2012 WB
Brazil 963.02 in 2014 WB
Italy 817.65 in 1996 WB
Malta 754.61 in 2016 WB
Estonia 712.41 in 2016 WB
Portugal 697.96 in 2016 WB
Hungary 641.02 in 2016 WB
Kenya 638.06 in 2010 WB
Croatia 637.51 in 2016 WB
Seychelles 597.22 in 2005 WB
Greece 554.69 in 2011 WB
Japan 520.74 in 2017 WB
Lithuania 463 in 2011 WB
Singapore 457.08 in 2014 WB
Russian Federation 456.05 in 2017 WB
Bulgaria 443.57 in 2011 WB
Slovakia 422.1 in 2016 WB
Gambia 422.02 in 2011 WB
Serbia 410.84 in 2017 WB
Qatar 403.74 in 2015 WB
Poland 397.31 in 2016 WB
Hong Kong 394.85 in 2017 WB
Latvia 391.4 in 2011 WB
Egypt 366.97 in 2017 WB
Turkey 355.37 in 2017 WB
Thailand 320.27 in 2016 WB
Argentina 310.14 in 2016 WB
Chile 301.64 in 2016 WB
Romania 275.61 in 2016 WB
Cyprus 271.41 in 2016 WB
Malaysia 259.01 in 2016 WB
Macau 218.02 in 2017 WB
Georgia 200.22 in 2017 WB
Iran 186.71 in 2013 WB
Montenegro 174.99 in 2016 WB
Palestine 174.83 in 2013 WB
Ukraine 159.55 in 2017 WB
Panama 155.01 in 2013 WB
Puerto Rico 143.72 in 2015 WB
Nepal 142.47 in 2002 WB
South Africa 135.02 in 2016 WB
Mexico 133.39 in 2013 WB
Kazakhstan 122.94 in 2017 WB
Botswana 121.21 in 2013 WB
Jordan 110.16 in 2015 WB
India 95.63 in 2015 WB
North Macedonia 91.83 in 2017 WB
Ecuador 90.23 in 2014 WB
Paraguay 78.13 in 2016 WB
Sri Lanka 75.41 in 2015 WB
Viet Nam 70.79 in 2017 WB
Republic of Moldova 70.75 in 2017 WB
Syrian Arab Republic 65.28 in 2015 WB
Bosnia and Herzegovina 63.99 in 2017 WB
Namibia 63.39 in 2014 WB
Zambia 63.37 in 2008 WB
Tunisia 62.88 in 2016 WB
Cambodia 60.9 in 2015 WB
Malawi 57.53 in 2010 WB
Mauritius 54.37 in 2012 WB
Kuwait 49.95 in 2017 WB
Uzbekistan 45.75 in 2017 WB
Oman 43.1 in 2017 WB
Algeria 41.93 in 2017 WB
Albania 40.11 in 2008 WB
Morocco 40.08 in 2016 WB
Burkina Faso 37.13 in 2010 WB
Senegal 35.92 in 2015 WB
Angola 35.43 in 2011 WB
Congo 34.41 in 2000 WB
Pakistan 33.56 in 2017 WB
Ethiopia 33.27 in 2013 WB
Eswatini 30.17 in 2015 WB
Ghana 29.84 in 2010 WB
Philippines 28.07 in 2013 WB
Bolivia 25.96 in 2010 WB
Mozambique 25.82 in 2015 WB
Guatemala 25.6 in 2015 WB
Mali 23.75 in 2017 WB
Iraq 18.93 in 2017 WB
Myanmar 18.7 in 2017 WB
Indonesia 17.53 in 2017 WB
Bahrain 17.21 in 2014 WB
El Salvador 14.03 in 2016 WB
Nigeria 12.57 in 2007 WB
Papua New Guinea 11.01 in 2016 WB
Madagascar 10.75 in 2017 WB
Uganda 10.26 in 2014 WB
Honduras 10.16 in 2015 WB
Niger 10.06 in 2005 WB
Zimbabwe 9.58 in 2012 WB
Chad 8.37 in 2016 WB
Cabo Verde 7.87 in 2011 WB
Democratic Republic of the Congo 6.67 in 2015 WB
Lesotho 6.58 in 2015 WB
United Republic of Tanzania 5.94 in 2013 WB
Togo 2.32 in 2017 WB
Rwanda 0.24 in 2009 WB

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