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Which countries have the healthiest diets? Food poverty is about the inability to afford and/or access food in sufficient quantity and of required quality and it is pervasive, regardless of the income per capita of a population. Ideally, food intake should be balanced, which implies access to fresh vegetables and fruits, grains, proteins (meats and beans), dairy products, and healthy oils while minimizing or reducing consumption of alcohol, salt, and sugar. For a variety of reasons, income being paramount, disparities in access to quality food undermines the average daily diets of millions of people worldwide.

  • A comparison of data on the consumption of various food products per capita and gross national income per capita shows that people in high-income countries consume more vegetable oils, dairy products, and meat than people in lower income countries. As income per capita decreases, consumption of cereals accounts for a bigger share of the average person's daily diet.
  • Wealthier populations also eat more. For instance, the average American has an annual income of $56,000 and consumes around 435 kg (nearly 1,000 lbs) of food per year; in contrast, the average Mozambican has an annual income of $480 and eats approximately 182 kg per year (400 lbs).
  • People living at the extreme poverty level tend to consume a higher volume of starchy roots and cereals. As mentioned above, in rich countries, people tend to eat more dairy products, although India is an exception, potentially because it is one of the world's largest producers of milk.
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It's a one pager PDF full of live links to agriculture-related data, statistics, and dashboards from leading industry sources. It will be a useful resource for any analyst, business executive, or researcher with an interest in the food security and prices, agricultural production and supply and much more.

Related Data Insights

World Exports and Imports of Agricultural products

Agricultural products cover the following commodity categories:Food and live animals: Live animals other than animals of division 03Meat and meat preparationsDairy products and birds' eggsFish, crustaceans, molluscs, and preparations thereofCereals and cereal preparationsVegetables and fruitsSugar, sugar preparations and honeyCoffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereofFeedstuff for animals (excluding unmilled cereals)Miscellaneous edible products and preparations Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Merchandise trade matrix, exports and imports, annual, 1995-2016.

Availability of food across countries

Food is a basic human need. And we tried to estimate how much do people pay for food in different countries. It appeared that food availability significantly varies across countries. In general, price of 1000 Kcal goes up inline with per capita income. For example, in Greece, Belarus, Croatia, Japan and Macedonia people pay $2.8 (based on PPP) for 1000 Kcal. At the same time in Nigeria, Uzbekistan, China India and Kenya the price of 1000 kcal is less then $0.7. It is interesting, that the U.S. citizens pay for food noticably less compared to other developed and many developing countries.  

Worldwide: Glut of Corn and Soy on the Global Market

USDA Long-Term International Agricultural Projections

The US Deparment of Agriculture's 10-year international projections cover supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural crops and meats for selected countries and global totals. The projections provide foreign-country detail supporting USDA’s long-term projections released in February each year. According to USDA, over the next several years, the agricultural industry will adjust to lower prices for most farm commodities. Lower prices will likely lead to reductions in planted acerage. Lower feed costs will also provide economic incentives for expansion of livestock production, although increased beef output will be delayed by beef cow...