An error occured. Details Hide
You have unsaved pages. Restore Cancel

In a perfect world, where access to technology and the wealth are equally distributed, the GDP of each country would be proportional to its population. In the real world that relationship exists on average (see the dot charts below) but with significant deviations from the trend. Many developed countries, being relatively less populous than their developing counterparts, have high levels of GDP, while the GDPs of less-developed countries, especially in Africa, are disproportionally low.

  • According to the UN DESA baseline scenario, by the year 2100 Africa will become the world's most populous region, accounting for 40 percent of the global population and replacing Asia as the key driver of global population growth.
  • More than half of global population growth between 2015 and 2050 is expected to occur in Africa, and after 2050 Africa is projected to be the only major world region with a continually growing population.
  • Nigeria is expected to remain the most populous African country, reaching 794 billion in 2100, according to projections by the UN. The Democratic Republic of the Congo - one of the world's poorest countries - is expected to become the second most populous African country.

Will the enormous population growth in African countries strengthen their economies and the wealth of their citizens, or will this growth only give rise to even greater poverty? "The answer depends on how each country responds today with policies" - the World Bank, October 2015.

 

Sources: World Population Prospects: The 2017 RevisionIMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), October 2018

 

Overview      Africa in Focus:  Population Prospects     Population Density     Demographics     GDP per capita     Education

Related Data Insights

African Governance Index

Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) - is comprehensive statistical tool assessing African countries' performance in provision of public goods and services. Consisting of 133 variables derived from 32 independent sources IIAG measures governance performance across 4 pillars: Safety and Rule of Law, Participation and Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development. All-embracing nature of the index makes it fairly the best instrument for setting long-term political, social and economical goals concerning the African region. One of the implications of IIAG-2013 is that since 2000, in average,...

Economic and Social Crisis in Zambia - Copper's Fall at Center

Zambia is a copper-rich African country that just three years ago was the darling of international investors seeking to expand their mineral portfolios. Mining investment - encouraged by privatization of the copper mines in the late 1990s - and the copper price boom that started in late 2008 served to support the sustained economic growth the  country had achieved since implementing measures in 2004  to  support greater fiscal discipline. Leading multinational mining companies, including Barrick Gold Corp., First Quantum Minerals Ltd. and Glencore PLC, have become major investors in Zambia's mining industry.  Zambia's...

Burundi: Humanitarian Crisis Deepens

05 Jan 2016 - As 2016 begins there is still no sign of peace in Burundi. Positions are becoming entrenched, murders continue and the long-awaited dialogue between the government, opposition and civil society groups is faltering. Burundi's government will not take part in peace talks scheduled for Wednesday with the opposition, a senior official said, casting doubts on efforts to end months of violence. "No dialogue tomorrow neither on January 16 as many may think, because there has been no consensus on that date," Joseph Bangurambona, the permanent secretary in Burundi's foreign affairs ministry, told the Reuters news...

Quick Stats on Africa

What do you know about Africa? Africa is a continent with 1 billion people, which have an average income about $250 per person in a month. African population is young and fast growing. More then 40% of people are under 14 years old and average annual growth of population is 2.3%. On average, every African women has more than 4 children. Only 16% of population use internet. No more them 64% are provided by water supply and less then 40% of population have sanitation facilities. Life expectancy at birth of average African citizen is only 57 years, from wich 47 years are expected to be а healthy life. 21% of population...